Wrinkles are the creases, lines, or wrinkles that appear on the skin. This condition is a major sign of the aging process. However, wrinkles can also be caused by habitual sleeping positions or weight loss.
Wrinkles generally look most prominent on the skin that is often exposed to the sun, for example the face, neck, back of the hand, and shoulders. In addition to the amount and depth of wrinkles that appear, there are other symptoms that accompany this condition such as skin discoloration, and thinning or slacking of the skin.
Causes and Risk Factors Wrinkles
Many things can cause wrinkles. Some of these include:
- Age. The aging process is a major factor causing the appearance of wrinkles because the elasticity of our skin will decrease with age.
- Exposure to sun and ultraviolet for years. Sunlight and ultraviolet can damage the connective tissue that is under the skin.
- Hereditary factors. There are people who are more susceptible to wrinkles than others.
- Smoking can speed up the process of skin aging is believed to be caused by disruption of blood flow in the face.
- Weight loss. People who have more fat under the skin will experience fewer wrinkles.
Wrinkle Treatment Method
Your doctor will assist you in determining appropriate skin care and medical treatment. Treatment of wrinkles generally consists of medications and certain medical procedures.
The recommended medications are usually in topical form, eg cream or gel.
Some types of topical medications that may be recommended are:
- Retinoids. Retinoids are derivatives of vitamin A that are known to be most effective in dealing with skin aging and fine lines on the skin. These tretinoin-containing creams should be used routinely. Side effects such as skin redness and peeling will usually be reduced by decreasing the tretinoin content in the cream or reducing the frequency of use until the skin of the patient can adapt. During the use of this drug, the patient should avoid direct sunlight.
- Alpha hydroxy acid (AHA). This medicine is commonly known as fruit acid because it comes from fruits such as apples, grapes, oranges, sugarcane, etc. In general, this product works by moisturizing and lifting dead skin cells. AHA-containing products are often used because only a small risk causes mild irritation.
- Antioxidants, for example products containing vitamins A, C, and E and betakarotin are believed to reduce wrinkles but still require more research
- Regular moisturizer. The effectiveness of this product is generally only for the short term and only makes the wrinkles disguised.
While the patient’s medical procedure can aim to smooth the wrinkled skin and should be followed by a doctor’s supervision. These medical procedures include:
- Exfoliation with chemicals. Examples of commonly used chemicals are glycolic acid, salicylic acid, trichloroacetic acid.
- Microdermabrasion, which erodes a layer of skin using crystals of silica or aluminum. This procedure requires several times the process until results can be achieved.
- Dermabrasion to scrape multiple layers of skin using special tools. This procedure has the side effects of scars as well as permanent skin color changes. Therefore, do it in a clinic or hospital that has been guaranteed.
- Handling with laser light. This procedure can be done on the entire surface of the skin or the wrinkles only. The laser beam will destroy the epidermis (the outermost layer of skin), heat the dermis layer (the layer below the epidermis), and stimulate the growth of new collagen. Expected then will appear more smooth and toned skin
- Use of radio waves and infrared rays. Radio waves and infrared rays will heat the tissue and spur the growth of new collagen. Generally, this procedure is performed to deal with fine wrinkles.
- Plastic surgery, for example tighten facial skin through facelift process. In this action, some skin and fat will be lifted from the face and the skin is sewn again to the muscles and connective tissue.
- Botoks injections. These injections are usually used to smooth the lines of wrinkles on the forehead or around the eyes. How it works by paralyzing the muscles around the face so that the skin is not interested and look more smooth. This process should be repeated so that the smoothness of the skin is maintained.
- Injection of tissue fillers, for example by injecting fat or collagen in wrinkles or wrinkles are severe. The effectiveness of this procedure will also only last for several months, so it should be repeated.
Wrinkle Prevention Steps
The main step in preventing wrinkles is to minimize sun exposure and not smoking. The simple steps we can take to limit the sun’s exposure are:
- Use sunscreen, at least containing SPF 50.
- Wear closed clothing so your skin is not easily sunburned.