Wisdom Teeth Definition By Medical
Wisdom teeth definition is the third molars or the last molars that grow in the late teens or in their early twenties. The growth of wisdom teeth is often cause problems, one of which is a great pain. These symptoms usually occur when there is no more space left in the gums that can be occupied wisdom teeth. At the age of adulthood, the 28 human teeth have been neatly lined up to meet the gums. The wisdom teeth will be squeezed, appear partly, or grow in the corner of the gums.
In addition to pain or pain, wisdom teeth that grow imperfectly also can lead to accumulation of plaque that comes from bacteria or food tucked in the sides of the wisdom tooth. If left unchecked, accumulation of plaque over time has the potential to lead to gum disease, tooth decay, pericoronitis (infection of soft tissues around the teeth), tooth abscesses, and cellulitis (an inward lining infection that attacks the throat, tongue, and cheeks). In addition, although rarely occurs, plaque buildup risks causing cysts in the gums and even tumors.
Therefore before all the bad risks occur, you should consult yourself to the doctor if the youngest tooth growth cause pain. This is so that doctors can decide to pull out or not the wisdom teeth.
Diagnosis and treatment of wisdom teeth
If the doctor decides to remove the wisdom teeth, then X-ray examination is usually necessary to know the position of the tooth. Especially if the wisdom teeth have not come out of the gums, tooth extraction procedures with small surgery on the gums will be done. In addition, sometimes doctors also need to cut the wisdom teeth into small pieces to facilitate removal. During the tooth extraction procedure, the patient will be sedated locally around the operated gums.
Side effects and complications of wisdom teeth
The patient takes two weeks after the youngest tooth extraction to fully recover. During the recovery process, usually the patient will feel some side effects such as pain, numbness or tingling sensation on the tongue, lips, and face, the skin around the jaw looks bruised, and the jaw feels stiff. Other side effects are swelling of the cheeks and face.
The wisdom tooth extraction procedure is also at risk of complications such as bleeding, infection, nerve injury, and blood clotting disorders inside the tooth socket. Although this type of complication is rare.
Self-care after the youngest tooth extraction
This home-based treatment aims to reduce postoperative pain and speed recovery. There are several steps we can take, including taking painkillers such as ibuprofen and paracetamol, avoiding smoking and drinking, and avoiding strenuous activity for several days.
In addition, you should also avoid hot drinks, gargling, or doing anything that can interfere with the blood clotting process inside the tooth socket. Gargling with new antiseptics may be performed after one day postoperatively. To reduce pain and inflammation, you can rinse with warm water mixed with a teaspoon of salt.
For a while, avoid solid foods and choose soft foods. Use healthy teeth to chew. Normal toothbrushing activities are usually only done after a few days.
To have a comfortable night’s sleep during the healing period, support your head with an extra pillow.
If you are prescribed medicines or antibiotics by a physician, spend the medication according to the rules of use. Do not forget to continue to see a doctor at the appointed time. This is so that doctors can know the progress of your condition or do the release of stitches.