What is Viral Pharyngitis?

What is Viral Pharyngitis
What is Viral Pharyngitis

What is Viral Pharyngitis?

What is Viral Pharyngitis? Viral Pharyngitis is inflammation of the pharynx, one of the organs in the throat that connects the nasal cavity to the back of the mouth. In this condition, the throat will feel itchy and difficult to swallow.

Most cases of Viral pharyngitis are caused by viruses, and some other cases are caused by bacteria, such as group A streptococcus bacteria. Viral Pharyngitis due to virus or bacteria can spread to others. The spread may occur by air (eg inhalation of salivary granules or nasal secretions released by the patient) or through objects that have been contaminated by viruses and bacteria.

Viral Pharyngitis Symptoms

Some of the symptoms that can occur when a person is suffering from Viral pharyngitis are:

  • Muscle ache.
  • Swollen throat.
  • Cough.
  • The body feels tired.
  • Fever.
  • Dizzy.
  • Nausea.
  • Hard to swallow.
  • Appetite reduced.
  • Sneezing.
  • Cold.

Causes of Viral Pharyngitis

Viral Pharyngitis or sore throat can be caused by several things. Two of them are viruses and bacteria. Some types of viruses that trigger pharyngitis are mumps virus, Epstein-Barr virus (monocleosis), influenza virus, and herpangina virus. While the type of bacteria that can cause of Viral pharyngitis is the bacteria group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus. These bacteria usually trigger a sore throat (strep throat). Other bacteria are the bacteria that cause sexually transmitted infections, such as gonorrhea and chlamydia.

In addition, there are a number of factors that can increase a person’s risk for developing Viral pharyngitis, among which are:

  • Frequent colds or colds.
  • Often have sinus infections.
  • Suffering from allergies.
  • Frequently exposed to secondhand smoke in enclosed spaces (second-hand smoke).

Diagnosis of Viral Pharyngitis

The doctor may suspect a patient suffering from Viral pharyngitis based on the symptoms he / she feels with the result of a physical examination. On physical examination, the doctor will see if there is swelling or redness in the patient’s throat. In addition, the doctor will also check the condition of the ears and nose, as well as the side of the neck to see the enlargement of the gland.

To find out the cause of Viral pharyngitis, doctors need to do follow-up examination. One of them is bacterial culture of a patient’s throat secretion sample to test for the presence of Streptococcus bacteria. Sampling is done by technical swab or swab.

In addition to these tests, blood tests (including full blood count) can also be performed to determine the cause of Viral pharyngitis. If the cause is not known, the doctor can perform a scan with a CT scan to see a more detailed description of the condition of the throat and neck.

Viral Pharyngitis Treatment

Viral Pharyngitis treatment is based on the cause. If the condition is caused by a virus, then self-care can be done at home to restore the condition until the body’s immune system conquers the infection. For example by:

  • Take pain reliever medications, such as paracetamol and ibuprofen, to relieve sore throats.
  • Many rest.
  • Drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration.
  • Use an indoor air humidifier.
  • Eat warm broth or cold drinks.
  • Gargling with warm salt water.
  • Eat throat lozenges to relieve sore throat.

If the cause of Viral pharyngitis is a bacterial infection, the doctor will prescribe antibiotic drugs such as penicillin, amoxicillin, erythromycin, or azithromycin, which can destroy bacteria. The recommended duration of antibiotic use in this case is usually 10 days. Patients need to spend antibiotics to prevent recurrent infections and prevent more severe complications.

Viral Pharyngitis can generally recover within 3 to 7 days. However beware if symptoms do not show signs of recovery within a week, a fever that reaches temperatures over 38 degrees Celsius for several days and does not subside despite taking the drug, sore throat does not go away despite taking painkillers, sufferers have The immune system is weak due to illness or drug use, difficulty swallowing until it can not eat or drink, breathing through the mouth, making annoying sounds when breathing, or salivating continuously. Consultation to the doctor is needed because it is feared it is a symptom of other conditions are more severe.

Viral Pharyngitis Complications

Complications that can arise from  Viral pharyngitis is:

  • Rheumatic fever which can disrupt the heart valve.
  • Kidney disorders or glomerulonephritis.
  • Abscess in the tonsils or other tissues of the throat.

Prevention of  Viral Pharyngitis

Some of the efforts we can take to prevent of  Viral pharyngitis are:

  • Often hand wash, especially before eating or after coughing and sneezing.
  • Use an alcohol-based cleanser if water and soap do not exist.
  • Not sharing food utensils, drinking or bathing with pharyngitis patients.
  • Avoid contact with pharyngitis patients.
  • Avoid exposure to cigarette smoke by not smoking and avoiding people who are
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