What is Uterine Cancer?
What is Uterine Cancer? Uterine cancer is a type of cancer that attacks the uterus or female reproductive system. This cancer is also often called endometrial cancer because it generally appears by attacking the cells that make up the uterine wall or the medical term of the endometrium. In addition, this cancer can also attack the muscles around the uterus so as to form a uterine sarcoma, but very rare.
Symptoms of cervical cancer is usually experienced by the sufferer is vaginal bleeding. Although not all abnormal bleeding caused by cervical cancer, but you still need to be vigilant and should see a doctor. Especially if you:
- It’s menopause, but still bleeding.
- Not yet menopause, but bleeding outside the menstrual cycle.
Patients with Ovarian Cancer in Indonesia
Uterine cancer is ranked sixth in the list of most common cancers in women. The disease is estimated to have attacked about 320 thousand women in 2012.
In Indonesia alone, cervical cancer is not included in the top ten cancers that attack women. Nevertheless, GLOBOCAN data shows that Indonesia is the country with the fourth largest number of cervical cancer patients in Asia, with the number of sufferers of 46,849 people during the period 1997-2002.
Trigger Factor of Uterine Cancer
The cause of cervical cancer is not known for certain. But the main factor that can increase the risk of cervical cancer is body hormonal imbalance, especially estrogen. High levels of estrogen can increase a person’s risk of developing uterine cancer.
Some other factors that can cause unbalanced hormones are:
- Late menstruation or late menopause.
- Hormone replacement therapy.
- Use of long-term tamoxifen.
Because of the unknown cause, a definite precautionary measure for cervical cancer is also absent. However, measures to reduce the risk persist. For example:
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Increase soy consumption.
- Long-term use for certain types of contraceptives, such as birth control pills.
Treatment For Ovarian Cancer
Common uterine cancer treatment is hysterectomy or surgical removal of the uterus. Hysterectomy can be performed to cure early-stage uterine cancer, but makes the patient unable to conceive.
Chemotherapy and radiotherapy are sometimes used and combined with surgery. In addition, hormone therapy can also be performed for patients who have not been menopausal and still want to have children.