What is Umbilical Hernia?
What is Umbilical Hernia? Umbilical Hernia is an organ that connects the mother to the fetus present in her womb. The food juice from the mother’s body will flow through the umbilical cord into the fetal body through a small hole in the fetal abdomen, which will normally be closed after the baby is born.
The umbilical hernia will occur when the holes are not perfectly closed, so some of the intestines stick out. Generally, umbilical hernia is harmless and does not hurt or cause discomfort. This condition is usually experienced by infants, although adults can also experience it.
In infants, umbilical hernias usually occur when crying causes the baby’s navel to bulge out. Several factors that increase the risk of umbilical hernia are:
- Babies are born prematurely.
- Baby’s weight is low at birth.
- Contains twins.
- Women, tended to have a greater risk of umbilical hernia than men.
The umbilical hernia will usually disappear by itself after the baby is one or two years old. But sometimes, this condition can last longer. If the umbilical hernia does not heal until the age of four years, it is advisable to undergo surgical procedures. This step is also recommended in people who have umbilical hernia in adulthood.
Symptoms of Umbilical Hernia
Symptoms are something that is felt and told by the patient. Symptoms that appear in patients with umbilical hernia is the emergence of soft bumps near the navel.
In infants, these lumps will disappear when the baby is still. The umbilical hernia lump usually appears when the baby cries, coughs, laughs, or strains. The same symptoms also occur in adults with umbilical hernia. Plus, adults will also experience discomfort or pain in the navel.Talk to your doctor when you or your baby has a lump in the abdomen, looks painful (especially in infants), vomiting, or bumps begin to swell and change color.
Causes of Umbilical Hernia
The cause of umbilical hernia in infants is the failure of the abdominal muscles to close the umbilical cavity entirely shortly after birth. Failure will lead to umbilical hernia in the future.
While some of the causes of umbilical hernia in adults are:
- The pressure is too big on the abdomen.
- The fluid in the abdominal cavity.
- Obesity and overweight.
- Former abdominal surgery.
- Chronic peritoneal dialysis.
- Pregnancy. Especially in pregnancy repeatedly.
- Chronic cough.
- Chronic constipation.
- Enlarged prostate gland so there is urinary disorder.
Diagnosis of Umbilical Hernia
Diagnosis is a doctor’s step to identify a disease or condition that explains the symptoms and signs experienced by the patient. Some measures to diagnose an umbilical hernia are:
- Physical examination. Usually the doctor will test whether the hernia can be pressed into the abdominal cavity back. There can be a part of the hernia that is trapped in a hernia sac and can not be pushed back in, so this condition can be dangerous. The contents of the umbilical hernia are part of the intestine, which will lack the blood supply when squashed.
- Blood test. If any part of the intestine is pinched, a blood test can help to see an infection.
- Imaging test. Your doctor may run an X-ray or ultrasound imaging test on your abdomen to make sure there are no complications.
Treatment and Complications of Umbilical Hernia
In many cases, the hole that causes the umbilical hernia will close by itself when the baby enters the age of 1 to 2 years. In fact, there is a lump on the stomach that can be pressed to get back into the abdominal cavity.
The most common way to treat umbilical hernia is surgical procedure. The purpose of this surgery is to re-enter the tissue that has a hernia into the abdominal cavity, then close the hole in the abdominal muscles.
However, a new doctor will perform surgery if any of the following conditions occur:
- The lump does not shrink after one to two years.
- The lump hurts.
- The diameter of the lump in the abdomen is greater than 1.5 centimeters.
- The lump does not disappear when the baby is 3 to 4 years old.
- The contents of the hernia are trapped and can not return to the stomach or intestinal cavity wedged.
Complications of umbilical hernia are rare in infants and children.
New complications will occur if the abdominal tissue is pinched and can not get back into the abdominal cavity.
Stomach cramped tissue will lack blood supply so it can cause the emergence of pain and tissue damage. If continuous not get blood supply, stomach pinched tissue can die and cause dangerous infection.
Some of the symptoms felt by the patient when stomach tissue is pinched are:
- Severe pain in the abdomen when touched or depressed.
- The stomach becomes sensitive when touched.
- A lump appeared on the abdomen.
- The umbilical hernia lump becomes reddish.