What is Ulcers?
What is Ulcers? Ulcers are red lumps on the sore skin and contains pus. This lump arises from bacterial infections that trigger inflammation in the hair follicle, the hole where the hair grows.
Body parts that are most often attacked by ulcers are the face, neck, armpits, shoulders, buttocks, and thighs. This happens because the parts often experience friction and sweating. Ulcers can also grow on the eyelid, this condition that we are usually familiar with the term bintitan.
Symptoms of Ulcers
The main symptoms in boils is the appearance of red bumps on the skin. In the early stages, the size of the ulcer is usually small and then accompanied by:
- The skin around the lump is red, swollen, and warm to the touch. This indicates that the infection has spread to surrounding skin.
- The lump grows larger and contains pus.
- White dots form at the top of the bump.
This condition rarely requires medical treatment by doctors, because ulcers can heal by itself. However, you should see your doctor if you have ulcers that:
- Causes fever.
- Keeps growing (diameter over 5 cm) and feels very sick.
- Grow more than one fruit in the same location. This type is known as boil or carbuncle boils, and this condition is classified as a more serious infection.
- It grows inside the nose, in the face, or the spine.
- Not healed for more than 14 days.
- Frequent recurrence.
- Having problems with the immune system or in medications that disrupt the immune system and appear ulcers.
Causes and Complications of Ulcers
The main cause of ulcers is Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. These bacteria can be found on the skin and inside the human nose without triggering any infection. Infection occurs when bacteria enter into the follicle through a scratch or insect bite.
Bacteria from ulcers or carbuncles can sometimes spread to other parts of the body. When spread in the skin layer will arise cellulitis, impetigo (blister sores), can even spread to the bone (osteomyelitis). This spread will trigger the occurrence of sepsis that has the potential to cause infection in the organs of the body, such as the heart. In addition, ulcers can also generally leave scars.
Risk Factors for Ulcers
Ulcers can happen to anyone and there are several factors that allegedly can increase a person’s risk. These risk factors include:
- Contact directly with the person. The risk of this infectious disease will increase if you often deal directly with people, for example because they live in a house.
- Age and gender. Ulcers more often attack teenagers, especially the male sex.
- Cleanliness is not maintained, personal or environmental.
Have a weak immune system, for example because of HIV, chemotherapy, or diabetes.
- Having skin problems, such as frequent breakouts.
Treatment Of Ulcers
Ulcers can generally be cured with simple steps at home and rarely require medical treatment by doctors. Some simple ways we can do to speed healing are:
- Compressing boils with warm water. Do it at least three times a day. This step will reduce the pain as well as pus pus to gather at the top of the bump.
- Clean the broken ulcers with gauze with alcohol and anti-bacterial soap. Do not forget to apply topical medication and wrap the broken boils with sterile gauze.
- Replace bandages as often as possible (two to three times a day).
- Do not forget to wash your hands with water and soap before and after treating ulcers.
Make sure you do not break the boils by force. This process can aggravate the infection as well as spread the bacteria that potentially trigger complications. We are advised to wait until the boil breaks itself.
You can also take painkillers or analgesics to reduce pain. For example, paracetamol or ibuprofen.
To cope with large boils or carbuncles, medical help is generally needed. Doctors will usually dissect ulcers to excrete pus. An antibiotic drug may also be prescribed for you to treat ulcers:
- With severe infection.
- The recurrence.
- With fever.
- With complications.
Duration of use of antibiotics must be completely in accordance with the doctor’s prescription even though the ulcers have healed. This is done so that the bacteria trigger the infection completely destroyed.