What is Seizures Disorder?
What is Seizures Disorder? Seizures are conditions in which the muscles of the body contract uncontrollably. All of our movements are controlled by the brain that sends electrical signals through nerves to the muscles. If the signal from the brain is disturbed or abnormal, the muscles of the body will contract and move uncontrollably. That’s what happens when the body has a seizure.
Each person experiences different seizure symptoms. This difference generally depends on the part of the brain that is experiencing the disorder. Some of the symptoms that may appear suddenly include:
- Losing consciousness for a moment and feeling confused when conscious of not remembering what happened.
- Change of eyeball movement.
- Spit out foamy mouth or mouth.
- Mood swings, such as sudden anger or panic.
- Shivering all over the body.
- Suddenly fell.
- The mouth is bitter or there is a sense of metal taste in the mouth.
- Muscle spasms accompanied by rhythmic movements of the arms and legs.
Some people with seizures sometimes also experience aura sensation, which is an indication of warning before a seizure occurs. These signs can be a perceived awkwardness in the body, smell a certain aroma, or taste a certain flavor.
On the other hand, there are some sufferers who experience only trembling hands and without loss of consciousness. Sometimes there is even a loss of consciousness and looks like a daze for a moment, but without experiencing tremors. That is why the seizure conditions are sometimes difficult to detect.
The duration of seizures is also not the same in each patient. Some are experiencing it for a few seconds or a few minutes. Most importantly, immediately bring the patient to the hospital for emergency treatment, especially if:
- This is the first seizure experienced by the sufferer.
- The person is injured.
- People have trouble breathing.
- Duration of seizures lasting up to 2-5 minutes.
- The seizures are repeated immediately.
- The person is pregnant or has diabetes.
The main cause of seizures is a disruption of electrical signal activity in the brain. The triggers behind the abnormality include:
- Head injury, for example from an accident.
- Influence of certain health conditions, such as epilepsy, fever (especially in children), low blood sugar, meningitis, eclampsia, or stroke.
- Side effects of drugs, such as tramadol or baclofen.
- Bad lifestyle, for example consuming too much liquor or illegal drugs. Dropouts or alcohol can trigger seizures.
- Toxins from animal bites, such as snakes.
However, there are also seizures that occur without obvious consequences. This condition is called an idiopathic seizure and can occur at any age. But generally experienced by children and adolescents.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Seizures
The process of diagnosis in people with seizures serves to remove the possibility of other diseases that could potentially be a trigger. Some of the recommended types of detailed examinations usually include blood tests, CT or MRI scans, electroencephalography (EEG), and lumbar puncture (spinal tap).
Almost all people with seizures will heal by itself without special handling. But during an uncontrolled muscle reaction, the patient may be injured.
The main purpose of treatment of seizures is to prevent injury to the sufferer. A number of simple steps that can be taken include:
- Put the person in order not to fall, but do not move it.
- Place a padded base under the patient’s head, such as a pillow or jacket, if possible.
- Do not put something in the patient’s mouth, for example a spoon or finger.
Keep harmful items away from sufferers, especially sharp objects.
- Do not resort to violence to withstand patient movements.
- Loosen tight clothing, especially around the neck of the patient.
- Tilt the patient’s head. This position will prevent vomiting from entering the lungs.
- Avoid feeding the patient with anything before the seizure stops and is fully conscious.
- Accompany the patient until the seizure stops or until the medical officer arrives.
After the seizure stops, make sure you lie the patient on your side to the left side, check the patient’s breathing, provide artificial breathing if needed, and monitor the patient’s vital signs (such as heart rate).
Especially for infants or children who experience a febrile seizure, do not bathe in cold water. Use warm water as a compress, then contact your doctor.
Seizures and Epilepsy
Children and adults who have experienced seizures are encouraged to see a doctor immediately. This step is taken to diagnose the possibility of epilepsy. Thus, treatment as early as possible can be done if positively diagnosed with epilepsy.