What is Seborrhoeic Keratosis?
What is Seborrhoeic Keratosis? Seborrhoeic keratosis is one type of skin disease, namely the growth of lumps such as warts on the skin surface. This lump is a benign tumor most often experienced by the elderly.
Seboroic keratosis lumps can grow anywhere, except on the palms of the hands, soles of the feet, or mucous membranes (layers such as in the mouth or nose). Parts of the body that is often the location of the appearance of this bump is the face, chest, shoulders, and back. The characteristics of this lump are generally in the form of:
- More than one, whose appearances can be one-on-one or in groups.
- Shaped round or oval, generally have a waxy surface.
- Light brown, dark brown, or black.
- The size can be very small, usually less than 2.5 cm in diameter, but some are more than that size.
- Has a smooth, flat surface or a scaly bump.
- It is rare to feel pain, but can sometimes be itchy or irritated and bleed from friction with clothes.
This skin disease very rarely develops into cancer. But if it feels disturbing (eg because of irritation or itching), consult your doctor to be handled carefully. You are also advised to consult a doctor if:
- The lump is irritated or bleeding.
- Many lumps appear in a short time (in weeks or months). Under normal conditions, this skin disorder increases by 1-2 lumps at a time and then increases as it is for years to come.
- The appearance of changes in the skin, such as wounds or bloody bumps that do not heal. This condition can indicate skin cancer.
Causes and Risk Factors of Seborrhoeic Keratosis
Just like other tumors, the cause behind abnormal growth in skin cells seborrheic keratosis is also not known for certain. Experts suspect there are several factors that might trigger this condition. Among others are:
- Age. These skin disorders generally begin to occur in adults over 40 years and the number will increase with age.
- Sun exposure. The hypothesis that seborrhoeic keratoses commonly appear on the skin is often exposed to sunlight, in fact this condition is also found in people who are not exposed to sunlight. This occurs along with the discovery of body cell mutations.
- Family history. Someone is likely to get this disease if there is a family history of its predecessor who experienced it.
- Skin color. White people have a higher risk of developing this disease.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Seborrhoeic Keratoses
Seborrhoeic keratosis is generally detectable through its unique shape. If needed, another type of examination that will be undertaken by the patient is a biopsy to take a sample of skin tissue on the lump.
This disease rarely requires any treatment. Unless you feel your appearance is disturbed or the lump is irritated.
There are various procedures that can be used to lift the lump so the skin back smoothly. Examples include freezing techniques, curing procedures, lump-burning methods with electricity, and laser ablation procedures.
After any treatment, patients are advised to continue to monitor health conditions to the doctor. The appearance of benign tumors does not necessarily indicate a malignant tumor will grow. However, vigilance is still needed so that detection can be done as early as possible.