What is Pubic Lice ?
What is Pubic Lice? Pubic lice are another name for the pthirus pubis parasite. The name of the disease it causes is pubic pediculosis or pubic phthiriasis. This parasite lives outside the host’s body, usually in human pubic hair, and sucks blood as its food source. The existence of this pubic louse causes irritation in the area it occupies.
In addition to inhabit the genital area and anus, these insects can also be found in the hair of the feet, chest, abdomen, back, armpits, until the face area, such as whiskers, and beard. In very rare cases, pubic lice can also inhabit eyelashes and eyebrows. Pubic lice do not live on the skin and head hair, as is done by head lice, due to a smoother and thinner head hair.
Causes of Pubic Lice
Pubic lice disease is caused by Pthirus pubis parasites. This parasite spreads through close body contact with other infected people, commonly from vaginal, anal, or oral sex, either using contraceptives or not. Pubic lice can also move through nonphysical contacts, such as kissing, and hugging. In rare cases, these organisms can spread through the use of clothing, sheets, or towels in turn.
The spread is most prevalent in areas with cold climates and densely populated areas with high poverty rates and poor quality sanitation systems. Pubic lice can also spread easily if you rarely change or wash clothes, for example for the homeless. The presence of lice in children is commonly found in eyebrow and eyelashes. Pubic lice in children may also indicate the possibility of sexual harassment, so it is worth investigating further.
Pubic lice are very small, even adults only have a size of 2 mm long. Although very small, pubic lice can be seen from the color that is grayish yellow, brown, or red. Pubic lice are also often called crabs because they have two claws on the front to grip the feathers or hair. Pub lice can not fly or jump so that he will crawl from hair to hair to suck human blood.
Pubic lice can survive without food supplies for 1-2 days and can only move to other humans, not to animals or among fellow animals. Female fleas can also leave the eggs (nits) are pale brown in the hair that dihinggapinya. The egg bag will hatch in 6-10 days, leaving the empty bag white.
Symptoms of Pubic Lice
Symptoms of pubic lice appear several weeks after the lice inhabit the host, ie in the form of itching in the affected area, blue spots, or blood spots due to flea bites in the area of the thigh or lower abdomen. Itching is a common symptom that is felt as a result of an allergic reaction to louse saliva and will last for 1-3 weeks. This condition can worsen at night when ticks become more active. Other symptoms are fever, fatigue, dark spots or dark chocolate on the underwear as the remains of flea dung. In addition, it can also occur irritation and inflammation caused by scratching.
Diagnosis of Pubic Lice
Pubic lice can be diagnosed by examining the infected area using a magnifying glass or a microscope. Doctors can also search for pubic lice eggs to confirm the diagnosis.
The next step that may be done is a test to detect other sexually transmitted diseases in patients and partners who are sexually active. This is done because some people with pubic lice disease have other sexually transmitted diseases such as syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, and HIV.
Treatment of Pubic Lice
Treatment of pubic lice can be treated using lotions, creams, or antiparasitic shampoo, as recommended by physician. The goal of treatment is to eliminate the lice and eggs.
Treatment of pubic lice with creams, lotions, or shampoos can be applied to the infected area or even to the entire body, depending on the type of drug used. Insecticides commonly used are malation or permethrin. Treatment usually requires repetition after 7-10 days. Check the infected area during and after the second treatment period is completed to ensure the presence of ticks or eggs that still contain in the area.
Genital lice infections of the eyelashes are very rare and treatment is different from that of pubic lice infections that occur in other areas. Communicate to your doctor or pharmacy wherever you are pregnant, breastfeeding, or under the age of 18. For those of you who do not get better with the treatment given, the doctor will give you another type of drug because the tick may be resistant or resistant to the drug given beforehand.
Always take note of the instructions given by the doctor or the ones listed on the drug package. Some drugs require repetition after a certain period of use has passed. Beware also side effects that may appear, such as itching, redness, irritation, sting, or sore on the skin that applied insecticide medication. Some alcohol-based drugs can cause faded or wetted colors on hair that is painted, bleach or permed.
It is recommended to wash clothes, sheets, and towels using a washing machine with hot water to disinfect pubic lice, while preventing recurrence of infection.
Pubic Lice Complications
Some of the complications that can be caused by an infection of pubic lice are disorders of the eyes and skin. Skin irritation due to frequent scratching of areas inhabited by pubic lice is at risk of causing impetigo conditions caused by bacterial infection. In addition, irritation can also trigger furunkulosis, the appearance of ulcers on the skin. Eye inflammation in the form of blepharitis and infections of the mucous membranes of the eye (conjunctivitis) can also occur if the pubic lice inhabit the lashes. Immediately see a doctor to check this condition.
Prevention of Pubic Lice
Avoid using clothes, towels, or sheets alternately with an infected person. If pubic lice also attack other family members, it is advisable to check all members who have not been infected with tick infections to prevent spreading.
Pubic lice can also spread through sexual intercourse so that you and your partner, during the last three months, are advised to undergo sexually transmitted disease (PMS) tests to prevent recurrent infections. It’s best to avoid having sexual intercourse while the treatment is ongoing, at least until you have completely recovered from this condition.