What is Myoma?
What is Myoma? Myoma is the growth of tumor cells in or around the uterus (womb) that is not cancerous or malignant. Myoma is also known by the name of mioma, uteri fibroid, or leiomyoma. Myoma is derived from the uterine muscle cells that begin to grow abnormally. Growth is what ultimately form a benign tumor.
Some women have had myoma in their lives. But sometimes this condition is not known by some women who experience because of no symptoms. If any, the symptoms that may arise due to myoma are:
- Menstrual periods are painful or excessive.
- Pain or abdominal pain or lower back.
- Discomfort, even pain, during intercourse.
- Frequent urination.
- Have constipation.
- Miscarriage, sterility, or problems during pregnancy (very rare).
The size of the myoma is very varied, there is a small seed and some are large to cause the uterus enlarged. In one period, the emerging myoma may be only one, but may also appear several at once.
The types of myopia are distinguished by the location of myoma growth, divided as follows:
- Intramural fibroids. This type of myoma grows between the muscle tissue of the uterus. This location is the most common form of myoma.
- Subserous fibroids. Myoma grows on the outside of the uterine wall, into the pelvic cavity. This species can grow to be very large.
- Submucous fibroids. This myoma grows in the inner muscle lining of the uterine wall. If it grows, this myoma can cause severe bleeding during menstruation and other serious complications.
- Pedunculated fibroids. This type of myoma grows on a rod inside or outside the uterus.
Causes of Myoma
Until now, the cause of myoma is still unknown. The appearance of this condition is associated with the hormone estrogen (the reproductive hormone produced by the ovaries). Usually myoma appears at the age of about 16-50 years, when estrogen levels in women are high-high. After experiencing menopause, the myoma will shrink due to decreased estrogen levels. One in three women have myoma at the same age, which is between the ages of 30-50 years.
Myoma more often appear in women who are overweight or who are obese. With increasing body weight, the hormone estrogen in the body will also increase. In addition, heredity also plays a role in the case of myoma. Women with mothers and sisters who have had myomas will tend to have myoma.
Some other factors that can increase the risk of myoma is the menstruation that begins too early, eating lots of red meat than vegetables and fruits, and the habit of consuming alcohol.
The risk of a woman experiencing myoma will decrease after childbirth. The risk will be smaller if you have more children
Diagnosis of Myoma
Myoma are sometimes diagnosed unintentionally when you perform a gynecological exam, perform a specific test, or imaging. This happens because myomas often do not cause symptoms at all.
If you experience some symptoms of myoma and last a long time, immediately find out the cause. Usually the doctor will suggest to undergo ultrasound scan (USG) to confirm the diagnosis or to find out the cause of the occurrence of symptoms you are experiencing.
Treatment of Myoma
Myoma that do not produce certain symptoms, usually do not require special treatment. Usually after menopause, this type of myoma will shrink or even disappear without treatment.
Treatment will be performed on myoma inflammatory symptoms. This treatment serves to relieve the symptoms that arise. If the treatment does not have an effective impact, the implementation of the surgical procedure is necessary.