What is Migraine Headache?
What is Migraine Headache? Migraine is a moderate to severe headache that feels pulsating which generally only concerns the side of the head only.
This disease is more often diidap women than men. According to WHO research results, of the total human population aged 18-65 years who reported having experienced headaches, about 30 percent are migraine headaches.
In some people, migraine attacks can occur only a few times a year. However, in other people, migraines may appear several times a week. In certain cases, pain can appear on both sides of the head and even attack the neck of the patient.
There are no specific tests to diagnose migraine. Migraine can be diagnosed by identifying patterns of headache that match the symptoms in migraine.
In addition to headaches, some sufferers also feel nausea, vomiting, and become much more sensitive to light or sound. There are several types of migraines you need to recognize:
- Migraine without aura: migraine headaches that occur without any signs or symptoms. Migraine without aura is diagnosed after the patient is known to have a history of migraine attacks five times.
- Migraine with aura: signs that initiate migraine headaches are called auras. Signs that are felt before migraine is generally a problem of vision (flash of light on the eyes), stiffness in the neck and tingling in the limbs. Migraine with aura is also known as a classic migraine. This type is experienced by about a third of people with migraine.
- Migraine aura without headaches: migraines occur when a person feels an aura or other migraine symptoms, but without a headache.
Beware of Certain Conditions
Migraine is a common disease that is often regarded as a disease that does not need to be treated specifically. Even so, you are still advised to consult a doctor if you have migraine attacks more than five days a month or if the pain caused can not be treated with over-the-counter medicines on the market. It is not advisable to consume too many painkillers on an ongoing basis because later on it can complicate the healing of headaches.
Certain headaches may also refer to other serious illnesses, such as stroke or meningitis. The symptoms that need to be aware of, among others:
- Very severe headaches that occur suddenly and have never felt before.
- The arms and / or one side of the face or the entire face, feels limp or paralyzed.
- Headaches that coincide with fever, stiff neck, confusion, seizures, double vision, and skin rashes.
- Uncomplicated speech and lips.
If you experience or see a person experiencing the above symptoms, immediately take it to the hospital or call an ambulance.
Factors That Cause Migraine
The cause of migraine is still not known with certainty, but some of the following factors are thought to be contributing to the cause.
- Hormone factors. Hormonal changes cause some women to feel migraine during menstruation.
- Children who are overweight are at increased risk of migraine attacks more often.
- Gene factor. About half of migraine sufferers have close relatives who also have migraines.
- Temporary changes in chemicals, neural networks, brain and blood vessels.
- Consumption of certain foods and beverages. Caffeine, chocolate, seasoning cheese (eg MSG), and alcohol can trigger migraine.
- Other trigger factors, such as stress and fatigue can also trigger migraine in some people.
Identify Migraine Triggers
Recurrence of migraine may be prevented by the following steps:
- Live a healthy lifestyle with adequate and regular sleep, regular exercise, healthy diet, limit the consumption of liquor, and caffeine.
- Identify and avoid migraine triggers, such as lack of rest, stress, and consumption of certain foods and drinks.
- Avoiding the consumption of certain drugs, such as in women with migraines, is advised to avoid drugs containing estrogen, such as birth control pills.
How to Handle Migraine
Migraine can have a major impact on the life of the person. You sometimes become unable to move normally as a result of this illness and require rest periods in bed for several days when and after migraine attack. There are several treatments and methods that can effectively help prevent migraine so that there is not much disturbance in the life of the sufferer.
Lying in a dark room is often the easiest solution when migraines strike. One treatment that can help relieve the pain felt is by taking antimonth drugs to reduce nausea and vomiting. Some other medications are also commonly used to treat migraines, painkillers and triptans.
Although migraine attacks can sometimes worsen over time, but generally the condition of patients tend to improve in a matter of years.