What is Lupus And What Causes it?
What is Lupus And What Causes it? Lupus is a chronic inflammatory disease caused by an erroneous immune system that begins to invade the tissues and organs of the body itself. Inflammation caused by lupus can attack various parts of the body, for example:
Symptoms are often similar to other diseases that are difficult to diagnose. The symptoms of lupus vary widely. Some are mild and some even life-threatening. This disease is not contagious, but can be dangerous and potentially even deadly. Common symptoms are skin rashes, fatigue, pain and swelling of the joints.
Lupus – Autoimmune Disease
Autoimmune disease is a term used when a person’s immune or immune system attacks his own body. The cause of autoimmune conditions in lupus is unknown. The immune system of lupus patients will attack healthy cells, tissues, and organs.
Some also consider the triggers and causes of lupus disease in some people is due to the influence of genetic and environmental factors.
Lupus Patients in Indonesia
People with lupus in the world are believed to reach five million people. This disease mostly affects women at the age of 15-50 years (age of productive age). But it is possible that lupus can also affect children and men.
According to data from Yayasan Lupus Indonesia (YLI), the number of lupus patients in Indonesia in 2012 reached 12,700 inhabitants. This number then increased to 13,300 in 2013.
What are the Lupus Types?
Lupus disease is divided into several types, among others:
- Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).
- Diskoid lupus erythematosus (discoid lupus erythematosus / DLE).
- Lupus due to drug use.
The type of lupus that is the main discussion in this article is systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
This type of lupus is the most commonly referred by the general public as a lupus disease. SLE can attack any body tissues and organs with mild to severe symptoms. Symptoms SLE can also come suddenly or develop slowly and can last longer or more temporary before recurrence.
Many have only mild symptoms for a long time or even none before suddenly experiencing severe attacks. The mild symptoms of SLE, especially pain and tired prolonged, can inhibit the routine of life. Therefore, people with SLE can feel depressed, depressed, and anxious despite only experiencing mild symptoms.
Diskoid lupus erythematosus (discoid lupus erythematosus / DLE)
The type of lupus that only attacks the skin is called discoid lupus erythematosus (discoid lupus erythematosus / DLE). Although it generally affects the skin alone, this type of lupus can also invade tissues and other organs.
DLE can usually be controlled by avoiding exposure to direct sunlight and drugs. The symptoms of DLE include:
- Hair loss.
- Pitak permanent.
- Rashes are red and round like scales on the skin that will sometimes thicken and become scarred.
Lupus due to drug use
Drug side effects must be different for each person. There are more than 100 types of drugs that can cause side effects similar to those of lupus in certain people.
Symptoms of lupus due to drugs will generally disappear if you stop taking the drug so you do not need to undergo special treatment. But do not forget to always consult a doctor before you decide to stop taking prescription drugs.
How To Treat Lupus
SLE can not be cured. The goal of treatment is to reduce the level of symptoms and prevent organ damage in patients with SLE.
Several decades ago, SLE was seen as a terminal illness that led to death. This fear is caused by the number of patients at that time who died from complications within 10 years after being diagnosed with SLE.
But conditions today are much better. Thanks to the growing treatment of SLE, almost all SLE sufferers today can live a normal life or at least close to normal. Help and support from family, friends, and medical staff also plays an important role in helping SLE sufferers in dealing with their illness.
Serious Complications in Patients with Lupus Disease
Lupus is often dubbed as a thousand facial disease because of its shrewdness in mimicking other symptoms of the disease. Difficulty in diagnosis can usually lead to improper handling measures.
About one third of people with SLE have other autoimmune conditions, such as thyroid disease and Sjogren’s syndrome. This condition can lead to the emergence of complications, including disorders during pregnancy.
If not treated promptly, SLE can also lead to serious complications including those who are pregnant. In addition, the process of treatment that is lived can also cause patients susceptible to serious infections.