What is Leukocytosis?
What is Leukocytosis? Leukocytosis is a medical condition in which a person has too much white blood cell count. White blood cells are part of the immune system that protects against infection and disease. Each age group has a normal number of different white blood cells.
Here is the normal amount of white blood cells per microliter of blood (cells / μL of blood) based on age level:
- Newborn: 9,400 – 34,000
- Toddler (3 – 5 years): 4,000 – 12,000
- Youth (12-15 years): 3,500 – 9.000
- Adult (15 years and above): 3,500 – 10,500
A person is said to have leukocytosis if it has white blood cells with a number above normal.
Symptoms of Leukocytosis
The appearance of leukocytosis is usually characterized by symptoms such as:
- The body feels tired, painful, and weak.
- Fever, dizziness, and sweating.
- Bleeding and bruising occurred.
- Tingling in arms, legs, and stomach.
- Loss of appetite and weight loss.
- Disorders in breathing, thinking, and seeing.
Causes of Leukocytosis
In general, leukocytosis is caused by the following factors:
- Drug reactions that increase the production of white blood cells.
- Increased production of white blood cells to fight infections.
- Immune system abnormalities that increase the production of white blood cells.
- The production of white blood cells is not normal because of disorders in the bone marrow.
The more specific causal factors are:
- Allergies, especially severe allergies.
- Bacterial and viral infections.
- Tuberculosis and whooping cough.
- Smoking habits and emotional problems such as stress.
- Certain medications such as corticosteroids and epinephrine.
- Chronic lymphatic leukemia and chronic myelogen leukemia.
- Acute lymphatic leukemia and acute myelogenic leukemia.
- Rheumatoid arthritis, polycythemia vera, and myelofibrosis.
Risk Factors Leukocytosis
The risk of leukocytosis may increase due to several factors below:
- Immune system reactions, such as asthma or allergies.
- Damage to tissues in the body.
- Stress, infection, or inflammation.
- The use of medicines to treat inflammation, mental disorders, cancer, or respiratory problems.
Diagnosis of Leukocytosis
To diagnose leukocytosis, your doctor will ask you a few things about the patient’s medical history, the type of medication used, and whether the patient has allergies or not. Blood tests are also needed to determine the number and shape of the patient’s white blood cells.
In addition to some of the above procedures, the doctor may examine the spinal cord of the patient to determine the cause of leukocytosis and treatment methods to be performed.
Treatment of Leukocytosis
Increased white blood cell count, can return to normal without treatment. For example in leukocytosis due to infection or because of drugs. However, if necessary, there are several treatment procedures that can be done to overcome the conditions that cause leukocytosis, including:
- Drugs, to reduce inflammation or infection, as well as acid levels in the body and in the urine.
- Intravenous infusion fluid, to increase fluid and electrolyte levels required by the body.
- Leukapheresis, to reduce the number of white blood cells. The doctor will take the patient’s blood, then the white blood cell content will be separated and removed, then the blood is put again into the body.