What is Kyphosis?
What is Kyphosis? Kyphosis is an abnormally stooped back position. It happens where the spine is too curved toward the front, so that the upper back looks more bent than the normal back. Each backbone must be curved a few degrees, but if the spine curves up to more than 45 degrees it is considered excessive.
Generally, kyphosis suffered by elderly women. Age-related kyphosis usually occurs after osteoporosis weakens the patient’s backbone until cracked and depressed.
Symptoms of Kyphosis
Symptoms are something that is felt and told by the patient. Sometimes mild kyphosis does not cause any symptoms, only the back looks more bent and bending over time. In some cases the symptoms felt by the sufferer are:
- Pain and stiffness in the back.
- The backbone becomes sensitive.
Causes of Kyphosis
In people with kyphosis, the curved portion of the middle spine will be more curved than it should be. There are several factors that can cause more curved spine:
- Age. Increasing the age of a person makes the greater the risk of the backbone to curve.
- The backbone is abnormally shaped. If it does not develop properly, the spine may have an abnormal position.
- The development of abnormal bone in the womb.
- Spinal injury.
- Posture is not right. Leaning on a chair too bent and carrying heavy loads can cause supporting muscles and ligaments to stretch. This can lead to more curved spine.
- Other medical conditions, such as spondylosis, spina bifida, paget’s disease, neurofibromatosis, muscular dystrophy, tuberculosis.
- Marfan’s syndrome. The syndrome, also known as Prader-Willi disease, can be attributed to kyphosis that occurs in children.
- Osteoporosis. This disease can make the spine destroyed.
- Cancer and Cancer Treatment. Cancer of the spine, chemotherapy and radiation treatment can weaken the vertebrae and make it easy to crack.
- Degeneration of the spinal cushion. The bone pads that are between the vertebrae will dry out and shrink as one gets older.
- Scheuermann’s disease. This condition usually begins at a period of accelerated growth before puberty.
Diagnosis of Kyphosis
Diagnosis is a doctor’s step to identify a disease or condition based on symptoms, clinical signs experienced by the patient, and also other investigations. Some doctor steps to diagnose kyphosis are:
- Physical examination. The doctor will ask the patient to perform a series of movements to check the balance and movement of the body.
- Imaging Test. Patients will be advised to perform imaging tests such as CT scan, MRI, X-rays.
- Neural test. If the patient feels numbness or muscle weakness, the doctor will recommend several tests to test for nerve impulses in the spinal cord.
- Blood test. This procedure is performed to test for the presence or absence of infection.
- Bone density test (bone density scan). A type of x-ray examination done to see bone density, whether there is a disease that weakens the bone.
Treatment and Complications Kyphosis
Most cases of kyphosis do not require treatment, because it is generally caused by the wrong posture and the patient just needs to improve their posture.
Treatment for kyphosis in children is determined based on several factors, namely the age and sex of the patient, as well as the severity and flexibility of the spine arch.
Some handling steps that are generally performed by doctors to treat kyphosis are:
- Provision of drugs, such as painkillers or osteoporosis drugs (bone strengthening drugs).
- Backplugs, adolescent kyphosis patients usually need to wear back support.
- Surgery. Surgery is commonly needed to improve the look of the back and help relieve pain but the risk of complications of surgery is enormous.
- Physical exercise, can strengthen muscles, improve posture, improve spine flexibility, and relieve back pain.
If not treated properly, kyphosis has the potential to cause several complications such as:
- Back pain, which can progress to severe and paralyze its normal ability.
- Reduce appetite. A severe spine curve can cause a stomach distress and reduce the appetite of the sufferer.
- Poor body appearance. Kyphosis sufferers will look bent or become unattractive because they have to use back support.