What is Kleptomania?
What is Kleptomania? Kleptomania is a condition that belongs to a group of impulsive control disorders, ie when the patient can not resist the urge to shoplifting or stealing. Most people with kleptomania are women. Usually this disorder begins to form in adolescence or some are when entering adulthood. Kleptomania sufferers often perform the action in public places, such as in stalls, shops, and supermarkets. Some are also shoplifting from a friend’s house.
Kleptomania is different from ordinary theft where plans and profit-seeking motives are in it. In the case of kleptomania, pengutilan done without intention and is based on their psychological impulse spontaneously. The items stolen by kleptomania sufferers are generally trivial and can have no high value (cheap). They were actually able to buy stolen goods. In addition, kleptomania sufferers never use their stolen goods. There are only collected and some are distributed to people closest to them. Even some people with kleptomania there who return the stolen goods to the original place.
When doing pengutilan, feelings experienced by patients with kleptomania can vary. Some feel the tension and some are happy. Then feelings of enjoyment and satisfaction when they manage to pick up a suddenly desirable item. Once satisfied to take the goods, can arise shame and guilt in the patient. Some of them even fear the consequences of the criminal act. However, the urge to steal may reappear at a later time and the patient will again repeat his actions.
The cause of Kleptomania
The cause of kleptomania is not known for certain. This condition is thought to form as a result of changes in chemical composition in the brain or the result of a combination of changes in the brain. For example, the emergence of impulsive behavior (one of them kleptomania) occurs due to decreased levels of serotonin (a hormone in charge of regulating emotions). This impulsive behavior may also be related to an imbalance in the brain’s opioid system so that the desire to steal can not be withheld. In addition, it is also thought to be related to the disorder of addiction where the release of dopamine that makes the perpetrator feel happy for his actions and tend to be addicted.
It is thought that someone with a history of other psychological diseases, such as personality disorder, bipolar disorder, and anxiety disorders are susceptible to kleptomania. The risk of suffering from this condition will also increase for those who have had head injuries and those with close kleptomania relatives.
The doctor may also perform a physical exam. It is also to ensure the presence or absence of medical illness underlying symptoms and signs that appear in patients.
Kleptomania is generally handled through psychological therapy by related experts as well as combined with drug delivery. But more important in the treatment of this condition is the patient’s strong desire to heal and his willingness to follow every advice that doctors give. If the patient tries hard to resist the impulse arising from within himself, it is not impossible that kleptomania can be eliminated and not relapse again. In addition, the support and encouragement of the people closest to the healing of patients is very big role.
The type of therapy commonly applied to the treatment of kleptomania is cognitive behavioral therapy. Through this method, the patient will be given a picture of his actions and the acceptable consequences, such as dealing with the authorities. Through the picture, the patient is expected to objectively assess and realize that the theft he is doing is wrong. In addition to self-image, the patient will also be taught to resist or control his strong desire to steal, for example by relaxation techniques.
For drugs, one that may be prescribed by a doctor is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). Doctors may also give antagonist opioid drugs. Just like cognitive therapy, drug administration aims to reduce the encouragement and pleasure that arise from self-sufferers kleptomania to steal. Did not rule out doctors give other drugs. For example, when doctors suspect that kleptomania is triggered by other psychological disorders, such as OCD Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder) or depression.