What is Keratosis Pilaris?
What is Keratosis Pilaris? Keratosis Pilaris or also known as chicken skin disease, is a condition in which the skin surface becomes rough and pimples appear small, like acne. Generally keratosis pilaris not cause pain or itching, and can be white or red.
Usually this keratosis pilaris appears on the skin of the arms, thighs, cheeks, and buttocks. But keratosis pilaris can also appear on the eyebrows, face, or scalp. If adolescents and children develop keratosis pilaris, then they can heal by itself when growing up.
In some cases, the keratosis pilaris on the face may become inflamed. Keratosis pilaris does not include a serious medical condition, but if it interferes with the appearance, it is recommended immediately consult a doctor.
Symptoms of Keratosis Pilaris
Keratosis Pilaris can be suffered by anyone regardless of age or sex, although most people are children. Some common signs and symptoms of Keratosis Pilaris are:
- Small bumps are red or white, usually in the upper arm, legs, buttocks, or cheeks.
- The skin around the lump feels dry, rough, and sometimes itchy.
Skin conditions that are affected by keratosis pilaris often worsen during cold weather, low humidity, and dry skin conditions.
Causes and Risk Factors of Keratosis Pilaris
Keratosis Pilaris results from the buildup of keratin or solid proteins that protect the skin from harmful substances and infections. Keratin is thickened in the skin surface called keratosis.
Keratin will clog the pores where there are hair follicles. The blockage is solid and makes the pores widen. If the blockage is formed quite a lot will cause the skin surface feels rough and uneven or scaly.
But the cause of keratin buildup is still unknown until now, but it is suspected to have something to do with hereditary diseases or other skin conditions. Some of the community groups below have a greater risk of keratosis pilaris than others:
- Age. Children and adolescents have a higher risk for keratosis pilaris.
- Other skin diseases. Keratosis pilaris is easier about people with ichthyosis and eczema.
- Gender. Compared to men, women are more susceptible to keratosis pilaris.
Diagnosis Keratosis Pilaris
Diagnosis is a doctor’s step to identify a disease or condition that explains the symptoms and signs experienced by the patient. To diagnose keratosis pilaris, patients are usually not advised to undergo laboratory tests or skin tests. The doctor will perform a physical examination on the skin, check the patient’s medical history, and will inquire about the symptoms and signs felt by the patient.
Treatment of Keratosis Pilaris
There is no single type of treatment that can cure keratosis pilaris, because in most cases, this condition can heal by itself. Most handling options only aim to soften the pile of keratin on the skin. Some types of handling for keratosis pilaris are:
- Topical exfoliants. Apply this cream-shaped medication to moisturize dry skin and get rid of dead skin cells.
- Topical retinoids. Retinol is a derivative of vitamin A, which works in helping the process of cell turnover and prevent the blockage of hair follicles. The drug is also in the form of cream or topical medicine.
- Laser therapy. The laser beam will be fired into the affected part of keratosis pilaris. It takes several sessions of laser therapy to show its effect on the skin.
Prevention of Keratosis Pilaris
There is no way to prevent keratosis pilaris, but there are several ways to reduce the risk of experiencing it. Some ways are:
- Use a skin moisturizer that suits your skin type.
- Use a humidity control machine.
- Do not take too long because this activity can remove the natural oils of your skin
- Shower with warm water.
- Dry skin evenly after bathing and wearing a skin moisturizer product.
- Use a mild soap accompanied by oil as a moisturizer.