What is Iron Deficiency Anemia?
What is Iron Deficiency Anemia? Iron deficiency anemia is a condition of iron deficiency that results in a decrease in the number of red blood cells. Anemia occurs when the body has a healthy red blood cell deficiency and can function properly. In this page, anemia due to iron deficiency will be discussed more deeply.
Iron is needed by the body to produce red blood cell components known as hemoglobin. Hemoglobin in red blood cells is needed by the body to bind and transport oxygen from the lungs to the whole organs. It also plays a role in the removal of carbon dioxide from the body’s cells in the lungs. If the human body lacks red blood cells, the spread of oxygen and carbon dioxide discharges will be disrupted.
This type of anemia is common in people of all ages, including children, with women more than men. Women who experience excessive menstruation tend to suffer from anemia. This happens because the amount of blood is wasted, this is the cause of anemia in women in the fertile period.
Anemia is also common in pregnant women. During pregnancy, the need for female iron increases because the fetus in its womb also absorbs iron and vitamins to grow normally.
Symptoms Emerged by Iron Deficiency Anemia
The rate of anemia symptoms depends on how quickly the body’s iron reserves decrease. There are sufferers who experience almost all the symptoms, while there are some who just feel tired. Here are the common symptoms of anemia:
- Easy or faster tired
- Easily offended
- Less energy
- Pale face
- Hard to breathe
- Difficulty concentrating or thinking.
- Dizziness and headaches
- Feet and hands feel cold
- Tingling sensation in the legs
- Tongue swells or hurt
- The immune system decreases so it is susceptible to infection
- Pain in the chest
- The heart was beating fast
Other signs that can arise from anemia are nails become easily broken, hair loss, and decreased appetite.
If you experience any of the above symptoms, see your doctor immediately to confirm the diagnosis of anemia.
Treatment of Iron Deficiency Anemia
Taking iron supplements is done to increase the level of iron in the body. This action as one of the treatment of anemia. Intake of iron through food consumption also needs to be improved, this is to maintain normal reserves and levels of iron. There are some very good sources of iron food, for example:
- Chicken liver and beef heart
- Nuts, such as black beans, mung beans, and red beans
- Tofu and tempeh
- Nautical or seafood like fish, oysters and shellfish
- Dark green leafy vegetables such as spinach and broccoli
- Lean red meat like beef and goat
- Dried fruits, such as raisins and apricots
In order to maximize the absorption of iron, vitamin C intake is also required. Consumption of foods high in iron content along with sources of vitamin C such as oranges, kiwi and tomatoes.
Basically, the cause of anemia may vary. In order not to develop into a chronic condition, the main cause needs to be known and addressed. If left unchecked, anemia is generally easy to handle, it can have long-term impact on the body of the sufferer.
Complications of Iron Deficiency Anemia
If iron deficiency anemia is not handled appropriately, it can eventually lead to complications of other diseases. Iron deficiency adversely affects the human immune system. This is what makes you more susceptible to other diseases.
Iron deficiency anemia can also result in the occurrence of heart failure, ie when the heart’s performance decreases and can not pump blood to all parts of the body well.
For pregnant women, anemia increases the risk of complications in the mother and fetus. Complications that can occur for example is a miscarriage, slow or abnormal fetal growth, and premature birth.