What is Hirsutism?
What is Hirsutism? Hirsutism is the growth of thick and black hair in women in parts of the body that usually grows in men, such as the face, chest, neck, abdomen, thighs, buttocks, and lower back.
Hirsutism is a long-term condition. Women who suffer from hirsutism will usually feel embarrassed and depressed. In addition to unusual hair growth, other symptoms of this condition is the sound becomes heavy, oily skin, and appear acne. Some people with hirsutism can also experience irregular menstrual periods or even no menstruation at all.
The Cause of Hirsutism
The main cause of hirsutism is the high levels of male hormones called androgens in the body. In addition, hirsutism can also be a side effect of using anabolic steroid drugs and complications from other health conditions, such as:
- Polycystic ovary syndrome or polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- Cushing’s syndrome
- Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
- Post menopause
Diagnosis of hirsutism
In diagnosing hirsutism, the doctor will first check the hair-covered body parts and other symptoms, such as severe changes in sound, oily or acne skin, and menstrual disorders. In addition, the doctor will also ask a medical history of patients and drugs consumed. If needed, the doctor will perform a blood test to measure hormone levels.
Treatment of Hirsutism
There are several ways that can be done alone at home to overcome hirsutism in addition to medical methods of the doctor. Try to do a retraction using tweezers if the hair grows not too much. If hair growth is large and widespread, cope with the shaving. Both of these simple techniques can not permanently remove hair, but at least can improve the appearance for a while.
In addition to pulling or shaving, you can do waxing or using hair free thresher creams on the market. But although these two ways are powerful and rapid in removing hair temporarily, they can cause skin irritation and allergies.
If you do not want to feel pain due to retraction, fear of razor, or fear of side effects due to waxing and using hair thresher cream, you can try bleaching techniques. Although it does not remove hair, this technique is effective in disguising excessive hair color. To avoid side effects due to bleaching material allergies, try applying the material to a small area first.
Doctor Treatment Method
Here are some examples of drugs that doctors may prescribe to treat hirsutism, including:
- Anti-androgen drugs (eg spironolactone). This drug works by preventing androgen hormones attached to their receptors in the body.
Consult the use of this drug with a doctor because it can cause birth defects in the fetus.
- Oral contraceptives (eg birth control pills). It works by preventing the ovaries from producing androgens.
- Eflornithine cream. This drug works to slow the growth of new hair, but not able to remove the existing hair.
The three drugs above are at risk of side effects. Therefore, follow the doctor’s instructions on how to use and use dosage to avoid harmful side effects.
In addition to drugs, doctors can also treat hirsutism by using more sophisticated methods, such as laser therapy and electrolysis procedures to damage hair follicles and permanently prevent hair regrowth. Side effects that may arise from laser therapy is the skin becomes red, the skin feels like burning, skin color becomes darker, and swollen. While the side effects of electrolysis is the onset of pain.