What is Hernia Disease?
What is Hernia Disease? Hernia is a disease that occurs when there are organs in the body that suppress and stick out through muscle tissue or surrounding tissue is weak. Our muscles are usually strong enough to hold organs so that they remain in their respective locations. The weakening of the muscle so that it can not hold the nearby organs will result in a hernia.
There are a number of factors that are thought to increase a person’s chances of having a hernia. These trigger factors include:
- Constipation that causes sufferers must push.
- Pregnancy that will increase the pressure in the stomach.
- Weight gain suddenly.
- The buildup of fluid inside the abdomen (abdominal cavity).
- Lifting heavy loads.
- Being overweight or obese.
- Prolonged cough.
What Are The Types Of Hernia?
The location of the occurrence of the hernia is present throughout the abdomen. The types of hernia are also generally divided according to its location, namely:
- Inguinal hernia that occurs when there is part of the intestine or fatty tissue in the abdominal cavity sticking out to the groin. This is the most common type of hernia and men have a higher risk to experience it.
- Femoral hernia that occurs when there is fat tissue or part of the intestine sticking out to the top of the inner thigh. Women’s risk for this disease is higher than men.
- The umbilical hernia that occurs when there is fatty tissue or part of the intestine pushes and protrudes on the abdominal wall, near the navel. This type of hernia can be experienced by the baby due to a large cord hole that is not completely closed after the baby is born. While in adults, the trigger of this type of hernia is the excessive pressure on the abdomen.
- An incisional hernia that occurs when there is a tissue sticking out through an abdominal surgical wound that has not healed. This hernia is one of the risks of complications in abdominal surgery.
- The hiatus hernia that occurs when there is a section of the stomach that enters through a gap in the diaphragm (the split between the chest cavity and the abdominal cavity) and sticking into the chest cavity. Although sometimes asymptomatic, heartburn (pain or discomfort in the chest that usually appears after meals) is an indication that may occur if experiencing this hernia.
- Spigelian hernia that occurs when there is part of the intestine pushes the belly connective tissue (Spigelian fascia) and protrudes on the left abdominal wall or lower right of the navel.
- Diaphragmatic hernia that occurs when there is an abdominal organ that moves into the chest cavity through a gap in the diaphragm. Just like the umbilical hernia, this hernia can also be experienced by infants due to the formation of a less than perfect diaphragm.
- Epigastric hernia that occurs when there is a fatty tissue sticking out and protruding on the abdominal wall, between the navel and the lower breastbone.
- Muscle hernia that occurs when there are some muscles that stick to the abdomen. This type of hernia can also occur in the leg muscles due to exercise injury.
Immediately consult your doctor, especially if you also experience symptoms such as severe and sudden pains, vomiting, difficult bowel movements, and hernias that harden or hurt when touched and can not be pushed in.
How to Check and Treat Hernia?
Hernia examination generally uses ultrasound. In an ultrasound process, high-frequency sound waves will be used to produce images of the internal organs of the body.
Disease weakening of the abdominal wall is often considered trivial because it rarely has symptoms. However, a hernia can also lead to intestinal disorders or obstruction of blood flow in the pinched hernia tissue.
Both of the above complications are emergency conditions. You are advised to get to the hospital immediately if you have it. The risk of complications resulting from a hernia is dangerous. Therefore, doctors generally recommend hernia sufferers to undergo surgery.
However, there is also a type of hernia that does not require surgery. For example umbilical Hernia which usually can heal itself and hiatus hernia that can sometimes be treated with drugs.
The surgical procedure for dealing with the hernia is divided into 2 types, namely open and laparoscopic surgery. There are a number of consideration factors that will influence the decision of the doctor in determining the surgical procedure, namely:
- Patient health condition. Surgery will be difficult if the patient’s health condition is poor.
- Fill the hernia. There is a hernia that contains parts of the intestine, muscles, or other tissues.
- Symptoms experienced. There are hernias that have no symptoms and some that cause pain.
- The location of the hernia. Femoral hernias and hernia that appear in the groin area require more surgery than hernias in the abdominal area.
All operations have certain risks. Therefore, a surgeon will explain all the benefits as well as the risks of the surgical procedure that you will undergo.