What is Henoch-Schonlein Purpura?

What is Henoch-Schonlein Purpura
What is Henoch-Schonlein Purpura

What is Henoch-Schonlein Purpura?

Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) is an inflammatory disease of blood vessels commonly afflicted by children under 10 years of age. This rare disease is not contagious and is not passed on in the family.

For someone suffering from HSP, his whole body will appear to be filled with a purplish red rash. The condition is actually a bleeding behind the skin due to inflamed blood vessels.

HSP disease is caused by disorders of the immune system. It generally occurs after a viral or bacterial infection, when the immune system is weak.

Symptoms of Henoch-Schonlein Purpura

The purplish red rash on the skin caused by the disease is usually in the buttocks, legs, and around the elbow. Can also occur in the upper body and face. In addition to a purplish red rash on the skin, Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) sufferers may experience some symptoms, such as abdominal pain, joint pain, diarrhea, or vomiting.

In certain cases, HSP can also lead to a number of complications, such as intussusception and bowel obstruction, swelling and pain in the testicles (orchitis), as well as renal impairment.

Patients with HSP who have kidney disorders can be identified from the urine containing blood or foaming. In addition, swelling around the ankles and eyes, or hypertension conditions can also accompany it.Immediately see a doctor if you or your child has HSP symptoms. Rapid diagnosis and treatment are important to prevent or worsening conditions. Moreover for complications of renal impairment, because if not handled properly, can lead to kidney failure.

Diagnosis of Henoch-Schonlein Purpura

Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) can actually be recognized by doctors by simply looking at the skin condition of the patient. However, if the doctor suspects the symptoms of a rash not caused by HSP, then examinations such as skin biopsy can be done.

In addition, another detailed examination is also important, especially to see the presence of complications of kidney disorders. Some of these types of checks include:

  • Blood pressure check
  • Examination of protein levels in the urine
  • Blood examination
  • Ultrasound scan
  • Kidney biopsy

Henoch-Schonlein Purpura Treatment

If Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) has caused complications or has been severe, hospitalization will usually be recommended by a doctor. On the other hand, if it is not serious, then resting at home with the help of painkillers is enough to deal with this condition.

You can take prednisolone (one of the steroids) to help with symptoms of abdominal pain. As for alleviating joint pain, you can take paracetamol or ibuprofen.

One thing to keep in mind, even though the drugs are sold freely at the pharmacy, you still have to follow the doctor’s instructions on the personalized life rules. One thing to note is that ibuprofen should not be consumed if you have digestive disorders or kidney disorders.

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