What is Hemangioma?
What is Hemangioma? Hemangioma is a birthmark in the form of bright bulbs of bright red on the skin due to overgrowth (proliferation) of the blood vessels. The red color in the hemangioma arises from the presence of blood vessels on the widened surface. Sometimes the hemangioma may be bluish or purple if it occurs in the blood vessels in the deeper layers.
Hemangiomas can be present in any part of the body, but are most commonly found on the scalp, back, chest, or face.
This disease is a type of tumor that is not malignant blood vessels and rarely cause complications. The occurrence of hemangiomas usually occurs several months after the baby is born. Approximately 50 percent of hemangiomas shrink when the child is 5 years old and eventually fades after the age of 10 years. Hemangiomas generally do not require treatment unless the growth is very large and disturbing.
Symptoms of Hemangioma
Early symptoms of hemangioma appear in the form of red marks on the skin that can grow or develop quickly so that then visible protruding from the surface of the skin. But after that, the hemangioma will enter the inactive phase, then disappear slowly. Although disappeared, hemangioma will leave a difference in the color of the skin that settled, although not as bright as when it first appeared.
Causes of Hemangioma
Additional blood vessels that are formed due to abnormal growth will congregate and form hemangiomas. The cause of abnormal growth of blood vessels is not known with certainty. There are several factors that allegedly make a person more at risk of suffering from hemangioma, including :.
- Genetics or heredity
- Premature birth.
- Female gender.
Diagnosis of Hemangioma
Diagnosis of hemangioma can be done only through physical examination. As a diagnostic support, Dopler ultrasound can be examined to check blood circulation through the hemangioma area to distinguish it from other rashes that share the same characteristics (eg rubella, measles, or acrodermatitis). This examination may also help the doctor to ascertain whether the hemangioma is getting bigger, settling or shrinking. If the growth of the hemangoma looks unusual or raises the wound, it can be done blood examination or skin biopsy.
Treatment of Hemangioma
Most cases of hemangioma do not require special treatment because it does not cause physical problems and will fade slowly. However, hemangiomas can cause psychological and social problems. That’s why some people feel the need to treat it
Another reason hemangioma treatment is done is if its growth interfere with vision. In such cases, treatment can be by drug administration or laser surgery. Drugs that can be given are:
- Corticosteroids. These drugs may be administered orally, topically, or injected to the location where the hemangioma appears. Side effects that may occur after using corticosteroids include growth disorders, blood sugar or high blood pressure, and cataracts.
- Beta blockers. In mild cases, timolol may be given in gel form. As for severe cases, oral propranolol is given. Side effects that can arise from the use of these group drugs are wheezing, increased blood sugar, and increased blood pressure.
- Vincristine. This drug is given if the hemangioma already interfere with vision or breathing. Vincristine administration is administered by injection every month.
Laser treatment method can be done to stop the growth of hemangioma and overcome the pain that arises. Laser surgery can also reduce skin discoloration after hemangiomas heal. Some of the possible side effects of hemangioma treatment through laser surgery are pain, bleeding, scarring, and skin discoloration.
Complications of Hemangioma
In general, hemangiomas are harmless and do not hurt, but in some cases may cause bleeding, infection, or painful open sores.
In rare cases, hemangiomas can cause respiratory, vision, hearing, or interfere with the smooth flow of urination and defecation, depending on the location and size of the hemangioma.