What is Genital Warts?
What is Genital Warts? Genital warts are sexually transmitted infections characterized by the appearance of small meat bumps around the genital or rectal area. This disease is not cause pain and does not endanger the soul of the sufferer. However, this disease causes stress due to an unsightly lump.
Human papilloma virus (HPV) is the cause of genital warts. A person can get genital warts through skin contact when he has sex with someone else who has been infected. The magnitude of the risk is 66 percent. Therefore genital warts are a fairly common sexual disease.
The vulnerability of a person to contracting genital warts is usually supported by several risk factors, such as having sexual intercourse with more than one unprotected partner, having relationships with someone whose sexual life history is unclear, sexually active from the age of adolescence, and having had a previous history of sexual infection . In addition, transmission can also occur through sex toys (sex aids) that have been exposed to HPV virus.
Most genital warts are so small and flat-shaped that they are hard to see visually. Usually those who experience this condition will feel the itching in the area around the genital area. In addition to growing one by one, some genital warts can also grow adjacent or form larger groups.
In men, warts can grow in the stem and tip of the penis, anus, and pockets. Whereas in women, genital warts can grow on the walls of the vagina, cervix, vulva, and skin between the vaginal opening and the anus hole. Genital warts can also grow in the mouth and even the throat of someone who has oral sex with a sufferer.
Although genital warts are not a serious threat to health and generally do not cause pain, and have no effect on fertility rates, these conditions can cause psychological pressure on the person who suffers from it.
Diagnosis of genital warts
Genital warts are conditions that are quite easily recognized by the physician. However, if the warts grow in hard-to-see areas, such as inside the vagina or anus, your doctor may require a speculum or proctoscope. The doctor may also refer to a specialist if there is a disruption to the flow of urine.
Treatment of genital warts
The method of treatment of genital warts is divided into two, namely through the administration of topical medicines (ointment-shaped drugs, creams, or liquids containing specific chemicals) and ablation procedures (destruction of wart tissue by burning, frozen, or dissecting).
Ablation procedures are usually applied by doctors if topical medicines are unable to remove genital warts or if genital warts have spread widely. In addition, ablation procedures are also likely to be applied if the patient is pregnant.
Do not treat genital warts using over-the-counter wart remedies in pharmacies without consulting a doctor first. Unscrupulous drug use may cause irritation to areas affected by genital warts and pain.
Prevention of genital warts
Some people who have been exposed to genital warts only contracted this condition once in their life, but some others may experience relapse. The time interval of genital warts recurrence can be weeks, months, or even years. By receiving HPV vaccine and using condoms when having sex, genital warts can be prevented.