What is Folliculitis?
What is Folliculitis? Folliculitis is an inflammation that occurs in the hair follicle, the small hole in the skin where the hair grows. Therefore, Folliculitis will not appear on the palms of the hands or soles of the feet. This inflammation Folliculitis is one of the common and usually not serious skin diseases. Here are some types of Folliculitis categorized by the cause:
- Folliculitis pseudomonas, a type of folliculitis experienced by people who often soak in warm water. This disease can occur due to water that is less clean so as to trigger the growth of bacteria.
- Barbae Sycosis, which is chronic folliculitis on the face of overgrown.
- Gram-negative folliculitis due to long-term use of antibiotics to treat acne.
- Pseudo-folliculitis or false folliculitis. This skin condition is similar to folliculitis, but it does not fester. This infection is caused by the hair that grows inward.
In an inflamed hair follicle a small (probably as big as a pimple) lump may be filled with pus and has a yellow spot in the middle. The lump sometimes breaks and then dries and forms a scab.
In addition to bumps, the skin will generally be flushed and become sensitive or painful. Burning and itching sensations also sometimes accompany the appearance of folliculitis.
Light folliculitis seldom requires special handling and can heal by itself. However, consult your doctor if symptoms do not heal or worsen.
The main cause of Folliculitis In Adults is infection of the follicle, which is largely triggered by Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. Bacteria are usually located in the nose and generally do not interfere with health.
However, if the Folliculitis In Adults is damaged, bacteria can enter the hair follicle and trigger the infection. A number of factors that commonly cause damage to hair follicles are:
- Some types of skin conditions, such as acne and dermatitis.
- Friction on the skin due to tight clothes.
- Excessive sweating.
- Use of facial steroids.
- Hot, moist skin, for example when wearing rubber gloves or boots.
In addition to bacteria, Folliculitis In Adults may also be triggered by fungal and viral infections.
Folliculitis Risk Factors
This inflammation Folliculitis In Adults can affect everyone of all ages. However, there are several factors that are thought to increase the risk of folliculitis in some people. These risk factors include:
- Have experienced skin damage, for example due to injury.
- Susceptible to infection, for example, due to a declining immune system due to HIV.
- Obese or overweight.
- Soak in unsanitary water.
Shave hair or a mustache or beard, acne, taking long-term antibiotics, using steroid ointment, and often wear shirts and pants that are trapped in sweat and heat; These things not only cause hair follicle damage but also increase the risk of folliculitis.
Folliculitis can be diagnosed through the patient’s skin condition (especially the emerging lump). The patient’s medical history will also be considered in determining the diagnosis.
The doctor will take a sample of pus if the inflammation persists even if the patient has undergone treatment. This step is done to confirm the type of bacteria that trigger the infection.
Folliculitis In Adults Treatment
The method of treatment for folliculitis is determined by the type and severity of the patient’s condition. Mild folliculitis generally resolves itself within 1 week to 10 days, rarely requiring special treatment. You can apply a moisturizing cream with antibacterial content.
There are also some other simple ways that can be done at home to help restore and prevent inflammation that worsens, such as cleaning the skin that is infected with antibacterial soap, do not wear strict clothes, and avoid shaving on the infected skin. Warm water compresses will also be beneficial.
While severe folliculitis, not healed, or relapse will usually be treated with some topical medication and drinking medicine. A number of medicines that may be recommended by doctors are antibiotics, antifungal drugs, and medications to reduce inflammation.
Folliculitis rarely causes complications. However, if left or not handled carefully, the disease can recur repeatedly and potentially trigger complications such as:
- Infection spread.
- The formation of ulcers under the skin layer.
- Spots of infection on the skin are large and itchy.
- Skin damage (such as scars or scar tissue or black spots), follicle damage, and permanent baldness.
In the prevention of Folliculitis, maintaining skin hygiene is a major step. For example by way of:
- Keeps skin moist.
- Ensures to keep skin dry and healthy.
- Be careful when shaving. Use a cream, soap, or gel as a lubricant so that the skin is not injured. Do not forget to use a moisturizer afterwards.
- Avoid regular use of antiseptic products because it can make the skin dry.
- Avoid tight clothes.
- Make sure the cleanliness of the water used for the bath.