What is Epidermoid Cysts?
Epidermoid cysts are non-cancerous lumps under the skin that can appear on any part of the skin. These cysts generally appear on the face, neck, head, back, or vital tool. Most epidermoid cysts rarely cause health problems. But in some cases, these cysts can interfere with appearance, pain, broken, or even cause infection.
Physically, epidermoid cysts have a brownish or yellow color, and contains a thick and smelly fluid. The size of this cyst is usually between 6 millimeters to 50 millimeters.
Causes of Epidermoid Cysts
The thin layer of cells on the surface of the human skin is constantly being recycled by the body. Most epidermoid cysts are formed from these cells that move into the skin and instead replicate, rather than peel.
Epidermal cells form the cyst wall and then remove the keratin protein into the body. Keratin is a yellow thick liquid that sometimes flows out of the cyst. The growth of abnormal cells is probably caused by damaged hair follicles or oil glands on the skin.
These cysts can also develop in response to trauma to the skin, HPV infection, acne or excessive sun exposure. Epidermoid cysts are more at risk for people with acne, those who are past puberty, and people with genetic disorders.
Symptoms of Epidermoid Cysts
Some of the symptoms that usually appear in people with epidermoid cysts are:
- Small blackheads appear in the middle of the cyst.
- If there is inflammation or infection, the area around the cyst will be red, swollen and become sensitive.
- The thick, yellow-smelling liquid sometimes flows from the cyst.
- Small lumps are round in shape under the skin (usually on the face, upper body, or neck).
Immediately see a doctor if epidermoid cysts interfere with appearance, expand rapidly, appear in areas of the body that is always irritated, broken, painful, or infectious.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Epidermoid Cysts
To diagnose epidermoid cyst patients, doctors will usually perform a physical examination first. In addition to physical examination, the doctor also studies the patient’s medical records. If not sufficient, the doctor may request skin samples for further study in the laboratory or by undergoing ultrasound examination.
Epidermoid cysts usually need to get treatment if it is causing discomfort or disturbing appearance. There are several methods of treatment that can be done by doctors, namely:
- Incisions and drying. The doctor will make a small incision on the cyst and press gently to remove the contents.
- Drug injection. Cysts will be injected with drugs that can reduce swelling and inflammation.
- Laser. The doctor will use a carbon dioxide laser to vaporize the cyst.
This procedure can minimize injuries.
- Surgery is small, to lift the entire cyst.
Complications of Epidermoid Cysts
If ignored, epidermoid cysts may cause complications such as:
- Discomfort in the genitals if grown in the section.
- The cyst broke.
- Skin cancer (very rare).