What is Dysentery?
What is Dysentery? Dysentery is an infection of the intestine that causes diarrhea with blood or mucus. Diarrhea is a watery discharge with a frequency that is more frequent than usual. In addition to diarrhea, other dysentery symptoms include abdominal cramps, nausea or vomiting, and fever.
Causes of Dysentery in Indonesia
Dysentery is a very common disease, especially the type of bacillary dysentery. This disease can occur throughout the year in Indonesia.
The exact number of people with dysentery is unknown because in addition to this disease has not been officially recorded, most patients also take care of themselves at home without consulting a doctor. Poor sanitation and limited water supply, especially in densely populated areas, may increase the risk of spreading the disease. In addition, a strong dysentery risk factor in Indonesia is contamination of food and beverages.
Causes and Types of Dysentery
Dysentery can be grouped according to the cause. The two main types of diseases are:
- Basiler dysentery or sigelosis caused by shigella bacteria.
- Amoebic dysentery or amoebiasis caused by amoeba (single-celled parasite) is named Entamoeba histolytica. This type of dysentery is commonly found in the tropics.
Basiler dysentery is the most common type of dysentery. WHO estimates that about 120 million cases of severe dysentery are of this type and the majority of infants are toddlers.
Both types of dysentery are usually contagious because of the dirty environment. Humans are also often infected by consuming food contaminated by the infected manure. For example, due to people not washing hands clean after defecation.
Risk of Dysentery Complications
Patients with dysentery are advised to keep alert, because dysentery can trigger some complications, even can cause death. This generally occurs in areas with poor sanitation, and especially if clinical care is difficult to obtain. Possible complications include:
- Dehydration due to fluid loss due to diarrhea and vomiting. This is a condition that can be fatal, especially in children.
- The abscess of the liver due to amoeba that spreads to the liver.
Indeed, not all patients should see a doctor if they have dysentery, because usually it can recover by itself in a few days. But if you have bloody or slimy diarrhea lasting more than a few days, consult your doctor immediately to get a more accurate diagnosis and treatment.
Especially for children, more strict supervision should be made. If your child has diarrhea for 6 or more times over a 24-hour period or ongoing diarrhea, you are advised to take it to a doctor
Dysentery Prevention Step
Keeping clean is a major factor in the prevention of dysentery This disease is particularly contagious, especially in family members. The following are the steps to prevent dysentery and transmission:
- Always wash your hands with running water and soap after using the toilet.
- Always wash your hands before eating, cooking, and preparing food
- Clean the toilet with disinfectant after defecation.
- Separate clothing when washed.
- Do not use the same towels or utensils with the person.
- Patients should not leave the house for at least 48 hours after the period
- Dysentery ends.