What is Dysarthria?
What is Dysarthria? Dysarthria is a condition in which the muscles are active when the human speaks becomes weakened or difficult to control. The muscles in question are muscles on the lips, tongue, vocal cords. Dysarthria is often characterized by people who speak slurred or slow, making it difficult for the other person to understand. Dysarthria does not affect the intelligence or level of understanding of the sufferer, but did not rule out the dysterria sufferers have dal disorders If not handled properly, people with dysarthria ber ber
Symptoms of Dysarthria
Symptoms are aberrations of the body’s normal function or something that is perceived and can describe the patient’s abnormal condition. Some of the symptoms commonly felt by people with dysarthria are:
- Strange speech volume.
- Difficulty moving the tongue or facial muscles.
- Difficulty in swallowing (dysphagia), which can cause saliva to come out
Hoarse, nasal or tense.
- Monotone talk tone.
- The rhythm of speech is unusual.
- Cadel while talking.
- Talking too fast so it’s hard to understand.
- Talk slowly.
- Not able to speak at a louder volume than whispering, or even speaking volumes too loudly.
Causes of Dysarthria
Patients with dysarthria have difficulty in controlling the muscles of speech, because parts of the brain and nerves that control the movement of these muscles are not functioning normally.
Some medical conditions that can cause brain disorders are:
- Brain injury and brain tumor.
- Guillain-Barre Syndrome.
- Some diseases such as Huntington, Wilson, Parkinson, and Lyme.
- Lateral sclerosis is amiotrophic.
- Head injury.
- Muscular dystrophy.
- Myasthenia gravis.
- Multiple sclerosis.
- Lame brain.
Diagnosis of Dysarthria
Diagnosis is a doctor’s step to identify a disease or condition based on symptoms and clinical signs experienced by the patient.
Patients will be advised to consult a speech therapist to evaluate the ability to speak and to determine the type of dysarthria. Usually
- Some checks that doctors usually do to diagnose the cause of dysarthria are:
- Imaging tests, such as MRI or CT scan to obtain detailed images of the patient’s brain, head and neck. This helps the doctor identify the patient’s speech disorder.
- Examination of the brain and nerves, can help mapping the source of the symptoms felt by the patient.
- Urine and blood tests, to identify the presence of infectious diseases or inflammation.
- Spinal tap. The doctor will take a sample of brain fluid for further study in the laboratory.
- Brain biopsy, will be performed if doctors suspect brain tumors as the cause of dysarthria patients. The doctor will take samples of the patient’s brain tissue for testing.
- Neuropsychological Test. One of the functions of this test is to measure the ability to think, the ability to understand the word, the ability to understand reading and writing.
Some causes of dysarthria can affect the ability to think and understand words and writing
Treatment of Dysarthria
Treatment to be undertaken by people with disartria will be differentiated based on several factors, namely:
- The cause of dysarthria.
- The severity of symptoms is felt.
- Type of disartria diidap.
People with dysarthria will also undergo speech therapy to practice normal speaking and communication skills. Speech therapists will usually adjust the speed of speech, strengthen speech muscles, improve breathing and articulation, and teach families of patients about how to communicate with patients.