What is Dermoid Cysts?
What is Dermoid Cysts? Dermoid cysts are benign tumor-shaped pockets that contain a variety of skin tissue structures, such as sweat glands, hair follicles, nerve or tooth nerve. Cysts appear at birth and can be found beneath the surface of the skin or on the surface of the skin. Dermoid cysts usually grow slowly with a hard lump shape measuring about 0.5 to 6 centimeters.
Dermoid cysts in the skin and the deepest layer of skin (subkutis) generally occur on the face, neck, or scalp. In addition to the skin, this cyst can also grow in the spine, brain, abdominal cavity, or ovary. But that is rare.
Dermoid cysts are formed by the trapping of skin-forming tissue at the stage of embryonic development. Approximately 40 percent of dermoid cysts on facial, neck and body skin can be detected at birth, while most others are seen clearly at the age of five. Dermoid cysts on other body parts, such as in the abdominal cavity, spine, or head can grow at any time at any age. For dermoid cysts on the ovaries, commonly found at age 15 to 40 years.
Symptoms of Dermoid Cysts
Dermoid cysts come from innate cells and usually do not cause any symptoms. New symptoms arise if the cyst gets larger until pressing other organs.
Causes of Dermoid Cysts
Dermoid cysts occur when the composition of the skin contains hair follicles, sweat glands, hair, teeth, nerves, and oil glands that should be in the outer layer of the skin actually grows to form pockets in the skin. All skin activity occurs in the pouch of the cyst so that the cyst grows larger. Dermoid cyst is a congenital disorder due to interference in the process of organ formation and tissue when the baby is still in the womb.
Diagnosis of Dermoid Cysts
After examining the growing area of dermoid cysts, further examination is necessary to make the diagnosis appropriately. The examination is X-ray, CT scan, MRI, ultrasound, or other scanning method to see the extent of the disruption of the tissue around the cyst, and to determine subsequent treatment measures.
Treatment of Dermoid Cysts
The main purpose of treatment of dermoid cysts is to remove the cyst completely. One thing to note is that eliminating dermoid cysts should be done by a doctor and should not be done alone because of the high risk of causing infection, bleeding or other complications.
The removal of dermoid cysts is through surgery. Before surgery is done, the patient needs to be re-examined carefully, considering the fat content of dermoid cysts can spread to surrounding tissue or other parts, especially if the cyst has been infected with bacteria. When performing the operation, the skin area around the dermoid cyst is cleaned first, then given a local anesthetic injection. Furthermore, the incision to remove the cyst completely.
Dermoid cysts in difficult locations (eg cysts on the tongue) can be removed by minimally invasive surgical technique (minimally invasive surgical technique). While in the case of dermoid ovarian cysts, surgery is performed by conventional surgery or minimally invasive surgery with laparoscopy.
Complications of Dermoid Cysts
Handling dermoid cysts with surgery can cause several complications, including:
- Disorders in swallowing or speaking, in cases of dermoid cysts on the tongue.
- Psychological and social problems in children, such as dermoid cysts on the face or tip of the nose.
- Spinal subdural abscess due to bacterial infection of dermoid cysts in the dermal sinus tract.
- Continuous post-healing headaches, in cases of dermoid cysts in the cranial (intracranial) cavity.
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