What is Depression?
What is Depression? Depression is one of the mental health disorders that occurs for at least two weeks or more that affect the mindset, feelings, mood (mood) and how to deal with everyday activities. When depressed we will feel sad prolonged, hopeless, have no motivation to move, lose interest in things that once entertained, and blame yourself.
When depressed, a sad mood can last for weeks or even months.
Many people who think depression is a trivial thing and can disappear by itself, when in fact, depression is a form of a disease that is more than a temporary change of emotion. Depression is not a condition that can be changed quickly or directly.
Due to depression, daily activities such as school or work become unpleasant. In fact, to maintain relationships with other people and their own family feels so heavy. Depression can make you feel life is useless, even can trigger sufferers to commit suicide.
According to WHO records, at least 350 million people worldwide are depressed and more than 800,000 people die of suicide due to depression. There are still many depressed people who do not recognize their condition, so it is never addressed or at least discussed. Depression is more common in women than in men.
While in Indonesia alone, the cause of death due to depression was ranked eighth by contributing 3 percent of total mortality.
Depression can be divided into several types, such as persistent depression disorder, perinatal depression, bipolar disorder, major depression, seasonal affective disorder, psychotic depression. More explanations you can see on the page symptoms of depression.
Symptoms That Appear in Depression Patients
Symptoms and also the effects of depression vary in different people. The following are some of the psychological symptoms that arise from depression:
- Losing your appetite for a hobby.
- Feeling sad prolonged.
- Easy to feel anxious.
- Feeling life is hopeless.
- Easy cry.
- Feeling very guilty, worthless, and helpless.
- Not confident.
- Be very sensitive or irritable to those around.
- There is no motivation to do anything.
- Think or attempt suicide.
Physical symptoms of depression:
- The body always feels tired.
- Disorders in sleep patterns.
- Feel the pain.
- No appetite for sexual intercourse.
- Move or speak more slowly.
- Feeling unable to rest or difficulty to sit still.
- Weight changes.
- Have cramps.
- Indigestion without clear physical cause.
Without proper treatment and treatment, depression can disrupt relationships with those around you. For severe or severe depression, depression can result in a loss of desire for life and a desire for suicide.
When you feel some of the depressive symptoms experienced almost daily and take place every day for two weeks, see your doctor immediately so that the recovery process can be started and done completely.
Causes and Risk Factors Depression
There is no specific cause for depression. Depression is triggered by a combination of several factors, namely genetic, biological, environmental and psychological factors. If in your family health history there are people suffering from depression, then there is a tendency for you to experience it as well.
Some of the factors that can trigger the occurrence of depression include:
- Tragic or significant incidents such as loss of a person or job.
- Pregnancy and / or childbirth.
- Financial Problem.
- Isolated socially.
- Childhood trauma.
- Dependence on drugs and / or alcohol.
In addition to the above, some medical conditions that last long and life threatening can also trigger depression in the sufferer, such as coronary heart disease, or cancer. Underactive thyroid gland, or minor head injury that damages the pituitary gland (small pituitary gland) may cause some symptoms such as extreme fatigue and loss of libido, a condition that may later lead to depression.
Treatment of Depression
The technique of treatment and treatment of depression depends greatly on the type and cause of the depression experienced. There are various types of antidepressants that are prescribed by doctors, and some can be self-administered.
Changes in life such as frequent exercise and reduced consumption of alcoholic beverages can provide benefits for people with depression. You can also join therapy groups to share stories and support each other.
The result of the most severe depression is the tendency to commit suicide. Try to always share stories with the people closest to you about the issues at hand. Patients are also strongly advised to see a doctor, especially if the depression has been long or severe. The earlier the treatment of depression, the possibility of a thorough recovery can be obtained.