What is Dehydration?
What is Dehydration? Dehydration is a condition when the body loses more fluid than it gets, so the balance of the body’s salts is disrupted and the body can not perform its normal function.
The content of water in a healthy human body is more than 60 percent of total body weight. The content of water at the ideal level in the body serves to help the digestive system work, removing dirt and toxins from the body, as lubricants and pads for joints, moisturizing the tissues of the ear, throat, and also the nose, Cells and keep skin healthy.
Symptoms of Dehydration
Some early signs of dehydration symptoms are you feeling thirsty and dizzy, dry mouth, tired, rarely urinate, darker-colored urine and stronger smell, and dry skin.
If dehydration occurs in infants, early symptoms that can be noticed is the baby’s crown will shrink, the number of tears slightly when crying, diapers remain dry after a few hours, less active, fussy, and easily drowsy.
In a state of dehydration, the body will be greatly affected even if we lose a little water. Unfortunately, there is no reliable gauge if the body needs water, especially in infants and young children. A pretty good clue is from urine color. Clear urine color means your body has enough fluid, while urine is yellow or dark yellow will be the first sign of dehydration.
Everyone can become dehydrated if they lose too much fluid in their body, but there are some people at greater risk.
- Baby and children.
- Elderly people.
- People with chronic diseases (long-term illness), such as diabetes and kidney failure.
- Athletes with high intensity training.
- People living in the highlands.
- People who exercise in hot, humid places.
Causes of Dehydration
The main cause of dehydration is diarrhea, especially if it occurs in infants and children. But dehydration can also be attributed to climatic conditions, physical activity or exercise, and your diet. Dehydration occurs when the body lacks enough fluid to replace the lost fluid. In addition to diarrhea, dehydration can also be caused by vomiting, excessive sweating during fever, and exercise during hot weather.
Actions To Treat Dehydration
Dehydration is not only a condition of lack of body fluids but also can mean a lack of mineral body. Dehydration treatment in infants and young children can not only be given water to replace lost fluids, because water can dissolve the already low minerals in their bodies, which can actually make the dehydration condition worse. Instead, they can be given watermelon juice or other fruit juice, or oralit (oral rehydration solution) that can be purchased at pharmacies without a prescription from a doctor. But juice should be avoided if the dehydration is caused by diarrhea due to consumption of contaminated food.
If you feel dehydrated, drink plenty of fluids. You can drink water or diluted fruit juice. Try to avoid drinks containing caffeine and soft drinks. If you or your child is dehydrated because of diarrhea, fruit juices and milk should be avoided. If left untreated, severe dehydration can lead to convulsions, brain damage, and even death.
Time to Seek Help
You may need to perform a blood test and urine test to check the salt or salt and potassium balance in the body if your doctor suspects you are dehydrated. Immediately contact your hospital or doctor if you experience the following symptoms of dehydration:
- Feeling tired or confused
- Dizziness that does not go away after a few seconds changes the position from sitting to standing
- Rapid but weak heartbeat
- Breathing fast
- Awareness is declining
- Do not urinate for 8 hours
Severe dehydration should be treated promptly in the hospital with the help of fluids from the IV. Especially when the symptoms continue even though you’ve been trying to drink more.
If you suspect your baby or child is dehydrated, see your doctor immediately. And immediately go to the hospital if your baby has diarrhea six or more times during the last day, or when they vomit more than three times a day.
To prevent dehydration, drink plenty of fluids and eat foods with high water content.