What is Conjunctivitis of The Eye?
What is Conjunctivitis of The Eye? Conjunctivitis or red eye is an inflammation that occurs in the conjunctiva or the lining that lines the front of the eye. In the event of inflammation of small blood vessels in the conjunctiva, the supposedly white eyes will look red or pink.
Inflammation that occurs is generally caused by infection due to either bacteria or viruses. However, allergic reactions can also trigger the occurrence of red eyes. Conjunctivitis may initially only infect one eye, but usually after a few hours will infect both eyes.
Symptoms of conjunctivitis generally include watery eyes and itching. But in cases of conjunctivitis due to allergies, usually accompanied by a sticky eyelashes.
Early diagnosis and treatment of conjunctivitis may help limit the spread because it is a contagious disease. However, conjunctivitis usually does not interfere with vision.
Causes of conjunctivitis
There are several things that can cause conjunctiva to have inflammation and the emergence of conjunctivitis disease. Here are some reasons:
- Conjunctivitis infection caused by virus or bacteria.
- Allergic conjunctivitis or allergic reaction to dust mites or pollen.
- Conjunctivitis irritation caused by the eye exposed to elements of irritation such as shampoo, chlorinated water, or eyelashes that rub the eye.
Antibiotic eye drops can be used to treat bacterial infections in severe conjunctivitis, but most conjunctivitis do not require treatment because they usually disappear within two weeks.
Clean the eyelids and eyelashes using cotton and water from a sticky or crusty layer. Before symptoms of conjunctivitis disappear, do not wear contact lenses first.
Try to avoid allergies. Treatment with antihistamines is commonly used to treat allergic conjunctivitis. To prevent spread, avoid sharing the use of towels or pillows, and wash your hands regularly.
Complications of Conjunctivitis
Most conjunctivitis does not cause serious health problems, but can be frustrating, especially in people with allergic conjunctivitis. This is because the patient will experience severe itching constantly.
Complications of conjunctivitis that are considered serious, but rarely are eye scarring (due to severe allergic conjunctivitis) and meningitis (if the infection spreads).