What is Chronic Renal Failure?
What is Chronic Renal Failure? Chronic Renal Failure is a condition when kidney function begins to decrease gradually. Indonesia Renal Registry defines chronic renal failure as kidney damage, may be tissue abnormalities, blood and urine composition or renal imaging tests, experienced more than three months.
The Chronic Renal Failure status changes to end-stage Renal Disease (ESRD) when the kidneys are no longer functioning. At this stage there has usually been a buildup of body waste, fluids, and electrolytes that could harm the body if without artificial screening (dialysis / dialysis) or kidney transplant.
Chronic Renal Failure itself, usually does not cause symptoms that make people with this disease usually do not realize the symptoms until it reaches an advanced stage. Chronic Renal Failure is usually detected at an early stage when a blood or urine test is performed.
Advanced stage Chronic Renal Failure generally experience symptoms: shortness of breath, nausea, fatigue, ankle, leg or hand swelling due to fluid buildup in the body circulation, shortness of breath, and the appearance of blood in the urine.
Regular blood and urine checks are recommended every year for people at high risk for chronic kidney disease. You are at high risk, including if you have high blood pressure, diabetes, and a family history of chronic kidney disease.
Kidney Function and Causes of Chronic Renal Failure
The kidney is located under the rib cage. The shape resembles a pair of nuts on both sides of the body.
The kidneys function to filter waste and excess fluid from the blood before discharge through urine. Kidney also has many other functions that are not less important, namely:
- Regulates levels of chemicals in the body that help the heart and muscles to work properly.
- Helps regulate blood pressure.
- Produce vitamin D-like substances that maintain bone health.
- Producing the hormone glycoprotein is called erythropoietin which helps stimulate the production of red blood cells.
Some conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure are some of the causes of chronic renal failure. In the long run, these conditions cause damage to the kidneys so that kidney function decreases.
Persons with Chronic Kidney Failure in Indonesia
Based on the results of Basic Health Research in 2013 by the Ministry of Health, 0.2% of the total population of Indonesia experienced this condition. Central Sulawesi province is the region with the highest number that is, 0.5% of the total population in the province.
From the data of 7th Report of Indonesian Renal Registry in 2014, patients with kidney failure who perform the most frequent dialysis due to hypertension (37%). Followed diabetes (27%), and congenital abnormalities (10%).
Various Ways of Handling of Chronic Renal Failure
Diagnosed with CRD can make you and your relatives feel anxious. Consulting with your doctor and fellow sufferers can make you discover how to keep the disease from taking over your life.
This is because there is no drug that can cure kidney failure. Treatment of this disease only focuses on slowing or stopping the progression of the disease and preventing the emergence of other serious conditions. In addition, therapy also aims to reduce symptoms arising from CRC.
Changes that occur in the circulation of the body to make people with chronic kidney disease to be more at risk of suffering a stroke or heart disease.
In patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) should be performed dialysis or kidney transplant to replace renal function that has been damaged.
Avoidance from Chronic Renal Failure
Sufferers of certain conditions that are at risk of leading to chronic kidney disease such as diabetes and high blood pressure are advised to be wary of their disease progression. Lifestyle changes such as a healthy diet, regular exercise, avoiding the consumption of drugs that can damage the kidneys and avoid excessive consumption of liquor will help prevent kidney failure.