What is Chicken Pox?
What is Chicken Pox? Chicken Pox, medically called varicella, is commonly afflicted by children under 10 years old. This disease can also affect adults and generally symptoms that appear more severe than children. Almost all adults who have had chicken pox will not catch it again.
The disease caused by varicella zoster virus is commonly characterized by the appearance of rash on the skin as its main symptom. The rash will turn into an itchy red fluid that will then dry, become sore, and peel off within 7 to 14 days. Body parts commonly covered with chicken pox is the face, behind the ears, scalp, chest, abdomen, arms, and legs.
Method of Chicken Pox Treatment
Chicken pox has no special handling steps. The goal of treatment is to reduce symptoms.
Drugs used to treat chicken pox are usually two types. First is paracetamol to lower fever. The second is a lotion or calamine powder to relieve itching of the skin.
Risk of Chicken Pox Complications
Not all children who contract chickenpox can heal by themselves without medical treatment. Unusual symptoms that you should be aware of include infections that occur in nodules on the skin, or if the child has vomiting, stiff neck, seizures, and become difficult to walk, talk, and maintain a balance of his body. Call your doctor immediately if the condition of your child’s chicken pox is getting serious.
Meanwhile, the condition of adult chicken pox tend to be more severe and at risk of complications. Antidote (antiviral) drugs may be effective for treating people with chicken pox if given in the first 24 hours when first appearing with water droplets.
Chicken pox in pregnant women, newborns, and people with weakened immune systems are also more prone to serious complications. They should seek medical help as soon as possible if exposed to the virus or experience symptoms.
Step Chicken Pox Prevention
Chicken pox can be prevented by the vaccination process. This is the most effective way to prevent chicken pox and its complications. In Indonesia alone, chicken pox is not included in the mandatory immunization list for children, but it is still recommended.
The transmission of chickenpox is generally very easy and quick to happen. Prevention measures against chickenpox to the first spread that can be done is to isolate people with chickenpox from public places, such as school or office. Especially 1-2 days before the appearance of a rash up to 1 week ahead after the onset of the rash (when the nodules have dried and become scab).