What is Cat Kidney Disease?
Cat Kidney Disease is usually not quickly observed, cats with kidney failure usually have not shown symptoms of pain until 70% of nephrons in the kidney is damaged. So when a cat shows symptoms of kidney failure, usually the condition is already severe. The degree of severity of this disease will be seen from the results of blood tests and the changes that appear on some parameters.
One of the symptoms of kidney failure is the cat turns into frequent urination, usually the condition is often urine is considered a normal state when the cat became frequent urination due to the state of the kidney is not functioning normally. Frequently this cat urine causes many fluids are lost and the cat became thirsty and became many drink.
If this renal failure continues, the cat’s body’s physiological system will retain ammonia, nitrogen, acids and other waste materials to remain in the blood vessels (urea poisoning). Cats who have end-stage renal failure usually discard less urine than normal and long to no longer urinate.
Symptoms of Cat Kidney Disease
Common symptoms of renal failure in cats are usually: sluggish, slow, loss of appetite, shrinking weight, dull hair, brownish tongue, gum and tongue injury, bad-smelling breath like ammonia, vomiting, anemia, sometimes accompanied Bleeding in the stomach, and if it continues the cat becomes a coma and causes death.
Diagnosis of Cat Kidney Disease
Renal diagnosis of kidney failure requires X-ray or ultrasound examination and blood tests. Usually in the blood will appear to increase levels of BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen) or nitrogen levels in blood, creatinine, and phosphorus. In cats with chronic renal failure, anemia may appear.
If renal failure is detected early before a permanent damage occurs to the kidneys then the possibility of damage that occurs can be cured. But if the damage is severe and incurable then hemodialysis (dialysis) or kidney transplantation becomes an alternative to healing, both of these are very expensive and Require adequate hospital facilities and both are not easily found in hospitals or animal clinics in Indonesia.
In cases of chronic renal failure and permanent damage that can not be cured, the cat can still be extended his age with proper care and adequate. In such patients it is necessary to consume enough water to replace the lost fluid, it is necessary to ensure sufficient quantity of clean water is available. Where possible, intravenous solutions are given through the veins and when done alone at home can be done under the skin.
Treatment of Cat Kidney Disease
Treatment of renal failure in cats is mainly done by replacing the lost fluid. Adjustment of feed according to the high feeding of small volume protein content to minimize the amount of pospor and nitrogen that must be filtered kidney. Need also supplement of vitamin B, sodium bicarbonate (for acid base balance). Anti-vomiting treatment is needed to inhibit symptoms of vomiting. Aluminum hydroxide is needed to bind phosphorus in the blood. As well as treatment to improve anemia.
How is this disease cured?
Treatment depends on the stage of renal failure your cat has, the signs indicated and the impact of the condition on the body of the other system.
- Liquid therapy
If your cat becomes very dehydrated, the vet can manage extra fluids to help replace lost salts and water.
Your cat may be prescribed medications such as:
- Long-term oral medication to increase blood supply to the kidneys and lower blood pressure – this helps in cases where your cat loses extra proteins in their urine.
High blood pressure will be more damaging to the cat’s kidney
- Medications for certain problems associated with kidney disease, such as vomiting
- Long-acting injections to stimulate appetite and slow weight loss
Your veterinarian may prescribe a special diet that further limits the kidney’s damage and reduces the workload on your cat’s kidneys by reducing the production of waste products in the blood.
Diet management is the most important factor in the management of kidney disease in cats, to improve quality of life and increase life expectancy. Of particular interest is limiting the level of phosphate intake, or using supplements to bind phosphates and limit absorption.
After this initial treatment for kidney disease, your cat may be prescribed diet for the rest of her life and she may also need medication. You should carefully observe your cat for any dietary changes, drinking and urinating.
Regular check-ups with your veterinarian and further blood and urine tests will be useful for monitoring disease progression.
What in the future?
Depending on the severity of kidney damage, with regular monitoring, correct treatment and care, many cats with kidney disease can to live a long and happy life.