What is Callus?
What is Callus? Callus usually appears on the feet, heels, hands, or fingers, and can cause discomfort and pain during walking or activity. Callus is the body’s natural reaction to protect the skin. If defined, calluses are thickening or hardening of the skin due to excessive pressure and friction. Generally the skin that develops calluses will be yellowish.
Thickened callus skin will make the skin also less sensitive to touch. Kapalan generally occurs on the soles of the feet, because when we are walking, this part that sustains your body weight. The selection of the wrong size and shoe model can be a cause of calluses on the feet. In addition, the palms also often experience calluses. Call handwrecks usually occur on guitar players, drummers, racket holders or clubbers, manual workers, and others.
The following are signs and also cutaneous skin symptoms that can occur:
- There are some skin that feels rough and thickened.
- Pain or pain when touched on the bottom of the skin.
- There is a lump that hardens on the skin.
- The skin turns dry or cracked.
The calluses rarely cause pain and these conditions have varying sizes and shapes. For people who have diabetes or have poor blood circulation, consult a doctor before treating your own calluses. For those who suffer from these conditions, even small injuries to the legs can cause infection. Immediately consult a doctor if the callus begins to cause pain or inflammation.
Causes and Risk Factors Callus
Callus can occur when the body weighs too much in one area of the skin. The skin of the area under excessive pressure will thicken to protect the underlying tissue. This can happen on the sole of the foot or the palm of the hand. The natural reaction of this body will make calluses appear.
So all activities that cause repeated pressure on a particular skin can be the cause of the calluses. But in some cases, calluses can arise because of one’s skin type. Older people may have a callus, because the fatty tissue on their skin is reduced. Callus can also be a sign of bone deformity.
Some of the causes or triggers of other calluses are:
- Often play a musical instrument or use hand tools. Using hand tools, playing musical instruments, or even writing too often can lead to the appearance of calluses.
- Using uncomfortable shoes. Narrow shoes and high heels can squeeze some of the skin on the feet. Conversely, when wearing shoes is too loose, the feet will more often rub against the seam on the inside of the shoe.
- Not wearing socks. Without socks, friction will occur directly on the skin of your feet. Socks of unsuitable size can also be the cause of calluses.
- Do not use gloves. Using the tool too long without wearing gloves will result in the skin of the hand rubbing against the work tool. The longer the duration, the greater the risk of the skin of the hand exposed to calluses.
- Hammer fingers. It is a defective condition in which the toe joints bend downward like a claw. This can trigger the formation of calluses.
- Bunion. The condition in which a lump appears in the base of the big toe is formed from the bone. Bunion is also able to trigger the skin of the foot forming calluses.
If you are not sure what causes calluses on your skin, consult a dermatologist.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Calluses
If there is a thickening of the skin of your body, the initial step of the doctor’s diagnosis is to perform a physical exam. The doctor will determine whether the thickening of the skin is caused by calluses, warts, fish eyes, or cysts.
If a physical exam can not confirm the diagnosis, your doctor may recommend that you perform an X-ray test.
Callus can not be solved only by medical treatment. Usually, doctors will advise to avoid activities or activities that cause the beginning of calluses. Patients with calluses in the legs may be advised to choose comfortable shoes and avoid wearing high heels. If calluses are on the skin of the palm of the hand, then most doctors will recommend wearing gloves when on the move.
If the calluses are still painful despite being given home remedies, then some of the usual medical calluses are:
- Hard cutting of the skin. Perhaps the dermatologist will cut partial calluses thickened and hardened to lower the pressure on the tissue beneath the hard skin.
- Anti-call plaster. Your doctor may provide a plaster with salicylic acid to stick on the calluses. Your doctor will determine how often you need to replace this plaster every day.
- Antibiotic ointment. Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics to reduce the risk of infection.
- Special footwear. If a person with a callus has a deformity of the foot, the doctor may suggest footwear to be put into the shoe for the feet to avoid friction that causes calluses.
- Operation. Although the possibility is very small, doctors may suggest surgery to improve the position or structure of bone that has been causing calluses.
There are several things you can do yourself to reduce the risk of cannabis, for example after washing the feet, be sure to dry it and apply a moisturizing cream for the skin of the foot. You are also advised to wear comfortable shoes both in terms of shape and size. For those of you who frequently move and wear hand gear, wear gloves.