What is Bells Palsy?
What is Bells Palsy? Bells Palsy is a paralysis or weakness on one side of the facial muscle that is temporary. This condition causes one side of the face will look “sag”. Although not yet known the exact cause, Bells palsy is more common in pregnant women, diabetics, and HIV.
Damaged nerves in the face will affect the sense of taste and the way your body produces tears and saliva. Bell’s palsy comes all of a sudden and generally this condition will improve in a matter of weeks.
In most cases of Bell’s palsy, paralysis on one side of the face can be fully restored. If you experience paralysis on one side of the face, see your doctor immediately to understand the conditions that occur while getting the right medical treatment.
Bells Palsy Symptoms
Bell’s palsy has different symptoms in some people. The paralysis that occurs on one side of the face can be explained as paralysis (mild muscle weakness) or as total paralysis (no movement at all). The mouth and eyelids will also be affected due to Bell’s palsy, these two parts will be difficult to open and close.
Bell’s palsy is a disorder that occurs only in the muscles and facial nerves. This condition has no impact on the performance of the brain or other body parts. If the paralysis on one side of your face is accompanied by paralysis or weakness in other body parts, consult a doctor immediately.
Cause of Bells Palsy
Bell’s palsy occurs when the innervation that controls the muscles in the face is irritated or depressed. The cause of nerve irritation is still not known clearly, but some types of viral infections are suspected to be the cause of this condition, among others: herpes simplex virus (HSV), varicella-zoster virus, epstein barr virus, cytomegalovirus, syphilis, and Lyme disease.
Diagnosis of Bell’s Palsy
To confirm the diagnosis of Bell’s palsy, your doctor will inquire about the history of your symptoms. In addition, the doctor will also perform a physical examination and nerve to know the function of facial nerve. If the symptoms are not clear, you may be advised to perform some tests, such as electromyography, MRI, or CT scan.
Bells Palsy Treatment
To reduce the swelling that occurs in the facial nerve, prednisolone or prednisone (corticosteroid drug group) can be used. As for preventing the appearance of problems in the eyes that can not close, you may need eye drops. As for closing your eyes, you need isolation.
Bells palsy can recover fully in 70 percent of patients who experience it. In most people who suffer from Bell’s palsy, symptoms begin to improve after two or three weeks. But to be fully recovered will require about nine months. The length of the recovery period depends on the degree of nerve damage suffered.
Bells Palsy Complications
Here are some complications that may occur due to Bell’s palsy:
- Eye disorders.
- Difficulty eating, drinking and talking.
- Muscle weakness or paralysis on an ongoing basis.
- Facial muscles twitch.
- The ability of sense sensors to decline.
Especially on the Bell’s palsy associated with heredity, it is possible that this condition will recur in the future.