What is Baldness?
What is Baldness? Baldness or alopecia medical term is hair loss which is generally permanent. One of its kind is alopecia areata which will be discussed in this article.
Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease, a condition in which the immune system attacks its own body. Therefore, this condition does not include infectious diseases.
Experts suspect that heredity has a major influence as a trigger for this condition. If you have a family member who has baldness, you risk having the same condition. Other autoimmune conditions such as lupus or type 1 diabetes also potentially increase the risk of baldness.
Baldness experienced can occur in hair on the head and other body parts. The severity is also different, there are pitak in one place and there are at once in some parts.
The first symptom of baldness is the appearance of pitak on hair on the head or other parts, such as eyebrows or beard. The size of the pitak formed also vary. This indication will generally be accompanied by an increase in the amount of hair loss.
In addition to hair, baldness also sometimes affects the fingernails of the hands and feet. For example, there are spots or white lines on the nails, nails that turn dull and rough, and the tip of the nails are wavy.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Baldness
This condition can generally be diagnosed through a pattern of hair loss that occurs. Hair root examination and skin biopsy are also sometimes done to confirm the diagnosis. If needed, a blood test will be recommended to see if the patient has other autoimmune diseases.
Baldness includes a disease that can not be cured. Some are experiencing it permanently, but there are also hair pengidap that can grow back.
Handling is usually undertaken by the patient aims to accelerate the growth of hair. Treatment steps may include:
- Minoxidil. Most new people feel the benefits of this drug after using it for about four months.
- Corticosteroids. These drugs will suppress the immune system and are available in the form of injectable drugs, rubbing, and drinking. Most people who take this drug will feel the effects within a few months.
- Anthralin. Just like corticosteroids, these drugs will affect the immune system. After the dioles and silenced for a maximum of one hour, anthralin should be washed clean so that the skin does not get irritated.
In addition to medical treatment, baldness can also be handled with wigs (wigs) that come from both genuine and synthetic hair. This is the most practical step because the type and shape of the available wigs also vary. In addition to practical, the use of wigs can increase the confidence of people with baldness that already affect their appearance.