What is Anorexia Nervosa?
What is Anorexia Nervosa? Anorexia nervosa is a mental health problem in which people are obsessed with having a thin body and very afraid if they look fat. Because of fear, they even always assume his body is still less thin or still fat even though the reality is not like that.
The age of 16-17 is an age that is considered vulnerable to this disorder to begin to appear. The majority of people with anorexia come from young women and adult women.
To keep their bodies as thin as possible, anorexics will try hard to limit the portion of food to a minimum, using drugs (such as laxatives and appetite suppressants), and excessive exercise.
Some of them will even try to regurgitate the food that has been consumed, a hallmark of eating disorders called bulimia nervosa. However, if in bulimia the average person has normal weight or more, the anorexia suffers less weight.
Symptoms of anorexia nervosa and other related psychological problems
Those with anorexia can be identified from the following symptoms:
- Significant weight loss and looking very skinny.
- Always pay attention to body shape in front of mirror.
- Weigh the body almost every time.
- Often regurgitate food that has been eaten.
- Likes to lie if asked if they have eaten.
- It takes into account the number of calories, fat, and sugar in the diet.
- Often exercising excessively. Like drinking laxatives and appetite suppressants. Easily offended
- Have health problems as a result of anorexia itself, such as fatigue, dehydration, low blood pressure, dizziness, hair loss, and dry skin.
Anorexia may also be associated with other psychiatric problems such as depression, low self-esteem, anxiety, alcohol abuse, and injury to self
Causes of anorexia nervosa
The exact cause of anorexia nervosa remains unclear. Most specialists believe that the disorder comes from a mix of factors, such as psychological, environmental, and genetic or biological factors.
Diagnosis of anorexia nervosa
Anorexia nervosa disease on average can be recognized from the physical sufferers who seem very thin. But doctors still have to ask their diet to make sure the shortness is due to eating disorders and not other diseases.
In addition, the doctor may also perform examinations on hair, skin, blood pressure, lung and heart conditions. Even X-rays and blood tests will be done if needed.
Support Anorexia Nervosa to get help
There is a small percentage of anorexia nervosa sufferers who are unaware that they are suffering from the condition, but most know and do not seek treatment for fear until they finally hide this problem for a very long time. It is therefore important for us as outsiders to recognize this condition whenever a family or friend experiences it.
If you have a family or friends with anorexia, do a subtle approach and persuade them to seek medical help. Persuading people with anorexia to seek treatment is not easy. Usually they will assume that what they have done is the right thing and will refuse to admit that they are actually in trouble.
That’s why patience and continuous support play a very important role for the recovery of anorexia sufferers. Never criticize or make them feel depressed because it will only worsen the situation. Convey that your persuasion and support are solely for fear of their health.
Overview of Anorexia Nervosa treatment
Anorexia nervosa should be treated as early as possible so that the chances of recovery are greater. The purpose of anorexia treatment is to change their view of healthy weight and improve their diet.
Most cases of anorexia are treated with outpatient and a handful of other cases, such as cases of people with severe anorexia, are treated with hospital care. In addition to sensitize people who live their lifestyle is wrong, this handling is aimed so that they can obtain ideal body weight back safely.
Matters that include the treatment of anorexia include psychological therapy and suggestions related to food and nutrition. In order for medication to be practiced appropriately, the physician must adapt to the physical, psychological, and social conditions of the person with anorexia.
Treatment of anorexia can not be done instantly. To fully recover, it can take several years. When undergoing treatment is not impossible for anorexic patients to relapse and return to unhealthy diet.
Possible complications of Anorexia Nervosa
Anorexia can lead to other serious health problems if not treated successfully for long periods of time. Some of the complications of anorexia nervosa are:
- Hair loss
- Irregular heartbeat
- Decreased blood pressure and respiratory rate
- Heart failure
- Brain damage
- Menstruation is not smooth
- Kidney failure
- Electrolyte fluid imbalance
- Death from malnutrition or suicide
Prevention of anorexia nervosa
Anorexia nervosa can not be prevented completely. However, through parent education of children early in the family, can have a major impact to reduce the risk of this condition when they are teenagers and adults. Education in question is to teach and apply a healthy diet explicitly. In addition, children also need to be taught the right insight about the ideal body image.
If in our family there are starting to show signs toward anorexia, immediately consult a doctor to prevent this condition worse.