What Are The Causes of Kidney Stones?
What Are The Causes of Kidney Stones? Naturally, the kidneys cleanse the blood every day by filtering out the waste substances contained therein for further disposal in the urine form. Sometimes these substances are too much than the liquid that acts as a solvent so it can not be completely wasted by the body and settles in the kidneys. Another factor is the kidney shortage of material that serves to prevent precipitation of crystals to clot form a stone.
Deposition of stones in the kidneys can be caused by food or other underlying health problems. Based on the ingredients, kidney stones can be divided into four main types, namely calcium stone, uric acid stones, ammonia stone (struvit), and stone cystine.
Calcium stones are caused by high levels of calcium in the urine. This type of kidney stones is the most common. High levels of calcium can be caused due to hereditary hyperkalsiuria disease. This condition causes the sufferer to release a lot of calcium in the urine. High levels of calcium can also be caused by overactive parathyroid glands. The hormones produced by this gland function to regulate the amount of calcium in the blood.
The second is uric acid stones. This stone is formed by high levels of uric acid in the urine caused by high purine foods. Examples of foods that trigger high uric acid are shellfish, meat and fish. Patients with Gout disease are also at high risk of forming this type of stone.
The third is struvit stone. This is a type of kidney stones that can form and grow rapidly. The main cause of the formation of struvit stone is a long-lasting urinary tract infection. This type of stone is more commonly found in female patients than in male patients.
The last one is the cystine stone. Kidney stones are formed by too much amino acid cystin issued by the kidney. Stone cystine is a type of kidney stone is very rare. This condition is caused by a disease known as cystinuria. This disease affects the amount of amino acid cystine released in the urine.
In addition to dietary factors and underlying health conditions, there are several other factors that can lead to kidney stone disease, including:
- Drinking less water
- Family health history
- Experiencing obesity
- Taking drugs, such as diuretics, aspirin, antibiotics, antacids, as well as some antiepileptic and antiretroviral drugs
- Side effects of surgery on the digestive organs
If you’ve suffered from kidney stones, then you have a chance to re-exposed to the same conditions. Here are the factors that trigger the recurrence of kidney stones.
- Too much protein-containing food and too little fiber-consuming foods.
- It has only one kidney that still works.
- Have experienced several infections associated with the kidney or urinary system.
- Has a family history of kidney stones.
- Ever had surgery on the digestive system.
- Routine supplements containing calcium.
- Taking aspirin medications, certain antibiotics, antacids, diuretics, antiepileptic drugs, and medicines for HIV.