What is Vaginal Discharge During Pregnancy?

Vaginal Discharge During Pregnancy
Vaginal Discharge During Pregnancy

What is Vaginal Discharge During Pregnancy?

Vaginal Discharge During Pregnancy is a failed pregnancy, where abnormalities occur in the process of egg development after fertilization, resulting in failure to grow into a baby. In wine pregnancies, the eggs and placenta are not able to develop this will form a bunch of cysts (bubbles filled with fluid) that resemble white wine.

Wine pregnancy is a rare health issue. These conditions need to be addressed as quickly as possible to avoid the risk of complications, one of which is gestational trophoblastic disease. These complications can usually be cured with chemotherapy or surgery.

Symptoms of Vaginal Discharge During Pregnancy

Vaginal Pregnancy initially presents the same symptoms as a normal pregnancy. However, after some time, the following symptoms may appear:

  • Bleeding from the vagina, especially in the first trimester.
  • Severe nausea and vomiting.
  • The exit of the vine-shaped cyst from the vagina.
  • Pain in the pelvis.

If you feel one or more of the above symptoms, see your obstetrician for further examination. Usually, obstetricians will find some signs of pregnant wine such as:

  • A uterus that looks bigger than the expected gestational age.
  • Ovarian cysts.
  • Preeclampsia. A condition characterized by high blood pressure and protein in the urine at gestational age more than 20 weeks.
  • Anemia.
  • Pain in the pelvis.
  • Hyperthyroidism.

Because of the similarity of symptoms with ordinary pregnancy, wine pregnancy tends not to be realized by the sufferer. Consultation to a doctor should be done immediately by pregnant women if he felt an awkwardness, especially at the beginning of pregnancy.

Causes and Types of Vaginal Discharge During Pregnancy

The cause of wine pregnancy is a chromosomal imbalance during pregnancy. This condition can occur if the fertilized egg does not have genetic information or 1 normal egg is fertilized by two sperm simultaneously. It is this cause that will classify pregnant wine in two categories, namely:

  • Complete wine pregnancy that occurs when an egg that contains no genetic information is fertilized by sperm and does not develop into a fetus, but a collection of abnormal tissues called moles, which can eventually fill the uterus.
  • The partial wine pregnant appears if 1 normal egg cell is fertilized by 2 sperm. The placenta tissue will grow abnormally into a mole, while a successful fetal tissue will develop serious defects or abnormalities.

Risk Factors Pregnant Grapes

There are several factors that allegedly can increase a woman’s risk of pregnant wine, including:

  • Age of the mother during pregnancy. The full molar pregnancy risk tends to be higher for women who are pregnant at age 40 or older or in adolescence. While pregnant partial wine is rarely affected by age.
  • Never had a pregnant wine. If you have had pregnant wine before, you have a 1-2 percent chance of getting pregnant wine in the next pregnancy, ie 6 to 12 times more risky than people who never get pregnant wine.
  • Ethnicity. The incidence of pregnant wine is most commonly found in Asian countries such as Taiwan, Philippines, and Japan. But over time, the distribution of cases of wine pregnancy is more prevalent and can be found in all ethnicities.
  • Never miscarried.

Diagnosis of Vaginal Discharge During Pregnancy

Vaginal pregnancy tends to cause the same symptoms as normal pregnancies so it is often difficult to detect without more detailed examinations, such as blood and ultrasound examinations. On blood tests, the doctor will check the levels of a pregnancy hormone called human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG). In addition, the doctor may also check the levels of thyroid hormone and hemoglobin levels in the blood to see whether there is a condition other medical disorders.

In addition to blood tests, doctors will perform ultrasound examination in the first trimester of pregnancy, exactly week 8 or 9.

The ultrasound results from a complete wine pregnancy will probably show:

  • Thick placental cysts that fill the uterine cavity.
  • Absence of embryo / fetus.
  • Absence of amniotic fluid.
  • Ovarian cysts.

While in partial wine pregnancy, the picture can be shown from the ultrasound results, among others:

  • The growth of the fetus is very limited.
  • The amount of amnionic fluid is very small.
  • Thick placental cysts that fill the uterine cavity.

Handling Vaginal Discharge During Pregnancy

If positively diagnosed with pregnant wine, doctors will advise the patient to undergo treatment as soon as possible. This is done to prevent complications.

Abnormal tissue removal surgery in wine pregnancies is a commonly recommended method of handling. This step can be done through several procedures that include:

  • Curette.
  • Hysterectomy or removal of the uterus. This process is only done if the patient does not want to have more offspring.

After undergoing the lifting procedure, the doctor will repeat the HCG hormone levels. Patients who still have high HCG hormones usually require further treatment.

The HCG examination process takes place every 2 weeks for half to one year to ensure no abnormal cells are regenerated and monitor the symptoms of trophoblastic disease. These cells will generally die in the uterus in most patients. But if there is an indication of trophoblastic disease, the patient will need treatment through chemotherapy.

During this monitoring process, patients with wine pregnancy cases are recommended to delay pregnancy. While patients undergoing chemotherapy will generally return to the menstrual cycle within half a year after the treatment process is complete.

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