Urinary Tract Infections Diagnosis in Humans
In addition to checking the patient’s health history and asking for perceived symptoms, the effort to urinary tract infections diagnosis be done through several tests, one of which is a urinalysis or urinalysis test. Urinalysis is a urine test to see the presence of bacteria, red blood cells and white blood cells in the urine as a sign of urinary tract infections.
In addition to seeing the presence of bacteria, urine samples can also be examined in more detail in the laboratory to determine the type of bacteria that cause urinary tract infections. This step is done so that the type of antibiotic that is most suitable for killing bacteria can be given for the treatment of the patient. This examination is referred to as urine culture.
In addition to urine examination, blood tests are also sometimes performed to see the performance of the kidneys, whether still functioning properly or not.
The following are the different types of advanced tests:
- Ultrasound examination, the examination method to determine the presence of disorders of the bladder and kidney using ultrasound waves.
- CT scan, the method of examination performed to determine the state of the patient’s urinary tract system in more detail through three-dimensional images. The presence of abnormalities in the urinary tract can be detected thanks to this test.
- MRI scan (the purpose of examination is the same as CT scan).
- Cystoscopy, the method of examination to determine the presence of problems in the bladder that may cause urinary tract infections by inserting a small tube with a camera into the bladder through the urethra.
- Intravenous pyelogram, the method of examination to determine the presence of disturbances in the urinary system using contrast agents. These contrast substances will be injected into the body and then X-ray photos will be taken at any given time interval to find out the urinary tract structure.