Urinary Tract Infections Definition By Medical
Urinary tract infections definition is a condition when organs belonging to the urinary system, namely the kidney, ureter, bladder, and urethra, are infected. Urinary tract infections can occur to anyone. However, because a woman’s body has shorter urethral channels, women are more prone to urinary tract infections.
Starting from the kidney, the dirt in the blood filtered and expelled in the form of urine water. Then the urine is passed from the kidney through the ureter to a shelter called the bladder. Once contained, the urine is then removed from the body through a release channel called the urethra.
Based on the symptoms, UTI can be divided into two, namely lower UTI and upper UTI. Lower UTI is an infection that occurs in the urethra and bladder (cystitis). Symptoms of this condition include the desire to always urinate, pain or tenderness during urination, cloudy urine color, and the smell of urine is not delicious. While the upper UTI is an infection that occurs in the ureters and kidneys. Symptoms of this condition include pain in the groin, nausea, and fever.
Causes Urinary Tract Infections
Most cases of UTI are caused by Escherichia coli or E. coli bacteria that commonly live in the gastrointestinal tract. It is thought that these bacteria enter the urethral tract of a person when they are not well in cleansing after defecation or small. For example, when toilet paper that he used to clean the anus also touch the genital organs, the bacteria can enter the urinary tract. In such cases women are more susceptible to UTI because the urethral distance with the anus on their bodies is closer and the urethral door is close to the bladder.
UTIs can also be caused by irritation after sexual intercourse and due to disruption of urinary discharge performance by certain conditions (eg, in obstruction of the urinary tract due to kidney stones).
Diagnosis of Urinary Tract Infections
In addition to checking the patient’s medical history and asking for perceived symptoms, an attempt to diagnose UTI can also be done through several tests to see the presence of bacteria or disturbances in the urinary tract organs. Some of these types of tests include urine and blood tests, CT scan, cystoscopy, and ultrasound.
Treatment of Urinary Tract Infections
UTI cures can be performed using antibiotic medications prescribed by a doctor. In addition to antibiotics, painkillers such as paracetamol may also be needed to relieve fever or existing pain.
A mild UTI usually resolves after several days of treatment. However, if classified as severe, patients will need hospitalization several days in the hospital.
Complications of Urinary Tract Infections
Hand it as soon as possible if you start feeling urinary tract infection symptoms (UTIs). If the UTI is left protracted untreated, especially if you have frequent it, it is possible that UTI can cause serious complications, such as kidney disorders and sepsis.