Types of Ovarian Cysts
Types of Ovarian Cysts

Different Types of Ovarian Cysts in Humans

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Different Types of Ovarian Cysts in Humans

Different Types of Ovarian cysts are divided into two main types, namely functional and pathological cysts.

Functional Cyst

Functional cysts appear as part of the menstrual cycle. The most common cysts are rapidly disappearing and harmless. Functional cysts can be divided into two types of corpus luteum cysts and follicular cysts.

The corpus luteum is the cell that produces the hormones estrogen and progesterone after the release of the egg. When the egg’s escape hole in the corpus luteum is blocked, fluid buildup occurs. This is what causes the corpus luteum to develop into a cyst.

The corpus luteum cyst will generally disappear within a few months, but it has a risk of rupture. If this happens, this cyst can cause sudden bleeding and illness.

The second type of functional cyst is the follicle cyst. Inside the ovary, the egg grows in a structure known as the follicle. Follicle cysts are formed when the follicle is disturbed and can not release the egg. The follicle swells from full of fluid and becomes a cyst. The follicle cyst can disappear by itself within a few weeks.

Pathological Cysts

This cyst category is not related to the menstrual cycle and arises due to abnormal cell growth. A small percentage of these cysts can be cancerous.

  • Kista dermoid Dermoid cysts are the type of cyst with abnormal cells are most common in women aged under 40 years.These cysts can contain all types of human tissues, such as hair, blood, fat, bones, skin, and teeth. This can happen because these cysts come from cells that have not developed into an egg. This cell has the ability to transform into any body tissue cells.Dermoid cysts are generally not malignant, but can grow and enlarge to a diameter of 20 cm so it must be removed by the operation process.
  • Kista adenoma It is a cyst commonly found in women over 40 years old and is formed from ovarian outer tissue cells.Adenoma cysts can be divided into two groups, namely serous adenoma cysts and mucosal adenoma cysts. Serous adenoma cysts are usually small, but may cause symptoms if they are ruptured. While the size of mucosal adenoma cyst can develop up to 35 cm diameter. These cysts are rarely malignant, but can cause the ovary twisted so that the flow of blood to the ovary was clogged.

In addition to the cause of the cysts discussed above, other factors that can trigger ovarian cyst formation are endometriosis or polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

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