Type 2 Diabetes Complications In Adults
Type 2 Diabetes Complications In Adults – Very high blood sugar levels can cause damage to blood vessels, nerves, and organs. Diabetes includes chronic disease that develops gradually, until it can trigger a number of complications if not treated properly. Here are some of the complications commonly experienced by diabetics.
- Cardiovascular Disease. Diabetics have a higher risk for heart disease, stroke, atherosclerosis, and high blood pressure.
- Damage to nerves or neuropathy. Excess blood sugar levels can damage the nerves and blood vessels smooth. This condition can cause the emergence of a sensation of tingling or pain that usually starts from the fingertips of the hands and feet, then spread to other body parts. Neuropathy in the digestive system can trigger nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or constipation.
- Damage to the leg organs. Neuropathy or blocked blood flow in the diabetic foot may increase the risk of foot health complications that are usually too late to realize. About 10 percent of diabetics suffer serious infections due to minor injuries or scratches on the feet. Symptoms of foot complications to watch out for are swelling, skin that feels hot to the touch, and wounds that do not heal.
- Eye damage, especially the retina. Retinopathy occurs when there is a problem in the blood vessels in the retina that can lead to blindness if left alone.
Glaucoma and cataracts also include complications that may occur in diabetics.
- Kidney damage. The kidneys have millions of fine blood vessels that filter waste from the blood. If the blood vessels are clogged or leaky, your kidney’s performance may decrease. Severe damage to the kidneys can lead to kidney failure requiring dialysis (the process of dialysis) or even kidney transplantation.
- Sexual dysfunction. Damage to fine blood vessels and nerves in male diabetics (especially smokers) can lead to erectile dysfunction. In women with diabetes, these complications may include decreased sexual satisfaction, lack of sex drive, dry vagina, or failing to reach orgasm.
- Skin disorders. Diabetes will make the sufferer susceptible to skin diseases such as fungal and bacterial infections.
- Miscarriage or stillbirth. High blood sugar levels can harm the mother and fetus. The risk of miscarriage and stillbirth will increase if gestational diabetes is not treated promptly. Blood sugar levels are not maintained at the beginning of pregnancy can also increase the risk of birth defects. Pregnant women with diabetes are advised to monitor their blood sugar levels regularly.