Type 1 Diabetes Diagnosis in Adults
Early Type 1 Diabetes Diagnosis is very important so that treatment can be done immediately. If you have diabetes symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor.
Urine Test and Blood Glucose to Determine Glucose Content
The regular doctor will ask you for a urine test and blood test. The urine sample will be tested to check the glucose content. Under normal conditions, urine does not contain glucose. However, the substance will accumulate and flow to the kidneys and urine, if you have diabetes. The doctor will also usually check whether there is a ketone content (a compound that indicates type 1 diabetes already complicated) in your urine.
If there is glucose in the urine, you will usually be advised to have a blood test to confirm the diagnosis. Your blood sample is generally taken twice, ie fasting glucose and two hours after meals.
Blood samples for fasting glucose test will be done on the morning after you have fasted for 8 to 12 hours. You will then be given a drink containing the prescribed sugar content.
Exactly two hours later, your blood sample will again be taken for glucose testing to evaluate the activity of insulin in your body.
The results of this examination will show average blood sugar levels in patients’ blood over the last 2 to 3 months. A HbA1c level of 6.5% or greater indicates that the patient has diabetes. This test can also be used as a preliminary examination for people at risk of developing diabetes.
Auto anti body test
This procedure can be used to differentiate type 1 and 2 diabetes before the patient has hyperglycemia.