Type 1 Diabetes Complications in Adults
Type 1 Diabetes Complications – High blood sugar levels can cause damage to blood vessels, nerves, and organs. Therefore, diabetes can trigger a number of complications if not controlled properly. Increased blood sugar levels are not significant and not trigger any symptoms can result in long-term impact.
Diabetes can cause damage to blood vessels in the retina (retinopathy). The blood vessels may become blocked, leaked, or grow randomly, blocking the light to reach the retina. This complication can lead to blindness if left unchecked.
Checking your eyes every year will help the early detection of retinopathy so that it can be treated as soon as possible.
Early detectable diabetic retinopathy can be treated with laser surgery. However, this procedure is only to maintain the power of vision and not to heal.
Excess blood glucose can damage the fine blood vessels and nerves. This can trigger the sensation of tingling or stinging that usually starts from the fingertips of the hands and feet, then spread to other body parts. Neuropathy that attacks the digestive system can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or constipation.
Something we usually realize too late, ie damage to the nerves or inhibition of blood flow in the legs can increase the risk of foot health complications. If left unchecked, small cuts and scratches on the feet of diabetics can develop into serious infections.
Patients who have experienced nerve damage should check the condition of his feet every day. In the event of a change, consult your doctor. Foot examination by the doctor is also recommended at least once a year. Complications on the foot that you should be aware of are:
- Injuries that do not heal.
- Skin that feels hot to the touch.
Heart Disease and Stroke
Diabetics are five times more likely to develop heart disease or stroke. Blood sugar levels are not balanced and left long enough to increase the risk of atherosclerosis, ie narrowing of blood vessel flow that usually occurs due to accumulation of cholesterol. These complications have the following risks:
- Inhibits blood flow to the heart and causes angina attacks (known as sitting wind). Angina attack is indicated by the presence of chest pain that feels pressing.
- Causes a heart attack or stroke because it increases the risk of blockage of blood vessels in the heart or brain.
The kidneys have millions of fine blood vessels that filter waste from the blood. If the blood vessels are clogged or leaky, your kidney’s performance will decrease.
Severe damage to the kidneys can lead to kidney failure. If you have kidney failure, you will need dialysis (dialysis) or even a kidney transplant.
Diabetes can damage both the blood vessels and the nerves. Therefore, male diabetics (especially those who smoke) may experience erectile dysfunction. This disorder can usually be treated with medication.
Meanwhile, women with diabetes also have the potential to experience sexual dysfunction, such as decreased sexual satisfaction, lack of sex drive, failed to reach orgasm, pain during intercourse, and a dry vagina. Handling in diabetic women who have vaginal discharge or feel pain during intercourse can use lubricants or gels.
Miscarriage and Birth Death in the Fetus
This disease can harm the mother and the fetus. The risk of miscarriage and stillbirth will increase if pregnant women’s diabetes is not handled thoroughly. Blood sugar levels that are not well maintained during early pregnancy may also heighten the risk of birth defects.
Pregnant women with diabetes are advised to check their diabetes condition regularly to a hospital or clinic. This routine consultation will make it easier for the doctor to monitor the mother’s blood sugar level and control the dose of insulin that should be given.