Treatment of Urticaria in Humans
Case urticaria mostly light and can heal in two days. Treatment of urticaria is adjusted to the level of symptoms experienced and the cause.
Treatment of Acute Urticaria
Treatments given to address acute strains are:
- Anihistamine. These drugs stop the itching and reduce the wounds that appear by inhibiting histamine. These drugs are not recommended to be given to pregnant women because their safety is unknown. Examples of antihistamine drugs are loratadine, cetirizine, and fexofenadine.
- Corticosteroids. These drugs are given to alleviate severe lethal symptoms. Corticosteroids work by inhibiting the performance of the immune system. An example of the drug is prednisolone. This drug is not for long-term consumption. Long-term use can cause side effects such as hypertension, cataracts, glaucoma, and diabetes.
Treatment of Chronic Urticaria
Drugs used to treat chronic urticaria or who persist for more than six weeks are:
- Antihistamine H1 and H2. During the symptoms biduran appears, it is advisable to consume antihistamine The dose is drunk according to the symptoms encountered.As the appearance of the rash gets worse, H2 antihistamine drugs can be consumed to overcome the condition of the rash by constricting the blood vessels. Antihistamine H2 has side effects such as headache, diarrhea and dizziness. Do not operate heavy equipment or vehicles if taking this medicine. Commonly used H2 Antihistamines include: cimetidine, famotidine and ranitidine.
- Corticosteroids. Severe chronic relapses may also be treated with corticosteroids. Side effects of this drug is increased appetite, weight gain, mood swings and difficulty sleeping. It is therefore not recommended for long term use.
- Leukotriene receptor antagonists. These medications help reduce swelling and redness of the skin. Side effects are quite mild, such as nausea and headaches that can be used for a long period of time.
- Omaluzimab. This drug can reduce the type of antibodies in the body that play a role of biduran. This drug is given by injection.
- Cyclosporine. Just like corticosteroids, these drugs also inhibit the immune system that mistakenly attack healthy body cells. Side effects caused by these drugs include hypertension, kidney problems, headache, elevated blood cholesterol, tremors or tremors, and increase the risk of infection.
There are several ways to help relieve symptoms experienced by urticaria:
- Avoid scratching parts that appear wounds or rashes.
- Do not use soaps that contain harsh chemicals.
- Keep the affected area of the skin cool, not covered with tight clothes, and smeared with lotion or a cold compress to help soothe the skin and avoid scratching the skin.
- Use loose and light clothing.
- Avoid trigger factors such as additives in foods, alcoholic beverages, painkillers, hot or cold conditions and stress.
Prevention Of Urticaria
You can lower your risk of being hit by:
- Aviod trigger factor. Avoiding some things like drugs, food, stress, and temperature can help reduce the frequency of recurrence.
This trigger factor varies from person to person, so it’s important for everyone to identify what triggers this condition.
- Food. In some cases, biduran may be caused by food. Therefore, you can prevent the occurrence of bidik in the future by recording the types of foods that can aggravate or cause biduran. You can consult this with a nutritionist to ensure you keep getting the best nutrition.