Treatment of Ovarian Cysts For Humans
Ovarian Cysts will generally disappear alone without special handling. There are several things that determine whether the treatment of ovarian cysts or not, namely:
- The presence or absence of symptoms due to ovarian cysts.
- The size of the cyst.
- Has the patient passed the menopause.
Patients who have experienced menopause have a higher risk for ovarian cancer. Therefore, in order for the cyst not to develop into cancer, the cyst needs to be removed through surgery if in the near future does not disappear.
Routine monitoring is usually performed if there are asymptomatic cysts detected. This cyst does not require special handling and can disappear by itself within a few weeks. To be sure, you can undergo ultrasound examination.
Handling Ovarian Cysts with Operating Procedures
If you have a large, growing cyst that causes symptoms, a gynecologist will usually advise you to undergo surgery. Surgical removal of small cysts can be performed by ‘keyhole’ or laparoscopic surgery. As for large or estimated cysts containing abnormal cells, surgery with larger incisions or laparotomies will be performed.
All surgeries must have risks, including surgery on ovarian cysts. If complications occur, the patient needs to see a doctor. Here are some symptoms that indicate the occurrence of infection, namely:
- Unbearable pain or swelling of the abdomen.
- Severe bleeding.
- The secretion of the vagina is dark and smells unpleasant.
- High fever.
Consumption of birth control pills
Your doctor may prescribe birth control pills to reduce the risk of developing new cysts that develop during the menstrual cycle. The longer the birth control pills are consumed, the risk of new cysts will decrease.
Impact of Cyst Handling on Fertility
Cysts are often assessed to interfere with a woman’s fertility. This assumption is not entirely true because most cysts can be removed easily without interfering with the female reproductive organs. However, there are surgical procedures that can affect fertility.
Full ovarian removal surgery will be recommended if the cyst is detected:
- It is so large that it encloses the entire ovary and fallopian tubes.
- Most likely malignant.
The removal of one ovary will affect the fertility rate somewhat. But the remaining ovaries will continue to produce hormones and egg cells so your chances of conceiving and having children remain.
Unlike the case when the appointment of both ovaries is done. This will trigger early menopause and negate your chances of having children. The removal of both ovaries together with the uterus and surrounding tissue is done if the cyst is shown to contain malignant cancer cells.