Treatment of Meningitis in Adults
People suspected of having meningitis or septicemia should be taken to the hospital as soon as possible. This is a serious and emergency condition. Treatment of meningitis in adults and children depends on the type of meningitis that is owned.
1. Bacterial Meningitis
Hospitalization is immediately needed for patients with bacterial meningitis. For patients with severe meningitis, treatment may be performed in the Intensive Care Room or ICU.
Bacterial infections are treated with antibiotics. This medicine is given by intravenously into the blood vessels in the hand. If antibiotics manage to overcome it, then only need to spend about a week in the hospital. But if the condition is already severe, it may have to be hospitalized for several weeks or even months.
Treatment may also include administration of oxygen, intravenous fluids and steroids, or other drugs. Steroids are given to reduce inflammation in the brain. And keep in mind that meningococcal disease (a combination of meningitis and septicemia) can cause long-term complications.
2. Viral Meningitis
The cases of viral meningitis can be divided into two, severe and mild. Below are the forms of his treatment.
a.Treatment of mild viral meningitis
Most people with viral meningitis do not need to be hospitalized. Handling at home alone to overcome viral meningitis, among others:
1.Pain relief for headaches
2.Anti-emetic or anti-nausea drugs, so as not to vomit
3.Plenty of rest
4.Drink plenty of fluids
5.With the above handling, most patients can recover within 1-2 weeks.
b.Treatment of severe viral meningitis
If viral meningitis symptoms are severe enough and need to be hospitalized, it will be treated the same as treating bacterial meningitis, ie, by taking antibiotics. Antibiotics will be withdrawn if the diagnosis of viral meningitis is confirmed, but intravenous fluids will continue to be provided to aid the body’s recovery process.
Anti-viral drugs may be given. This occurs when cases of viral meningitis get worse in someone hospitalized.
3. How to Control Infection Happens
The risk of spread of meningitis cases is quite low as most cases of meningitis are isolated. For prevention of non-infection, a dose of antibiotics may be given. For example, antibiotics are given to children who play with other children who have bacterial meningitis.
4. Meningitis Due to Fungi
Oral meningitis is treated with high doses of anti-fungal drugs. Usually anti-fungal drugs are given to patients through infusion. The duration of treatment usually depends on the condition of the patient’s immune system and the type of fungus that causes the infection.
4. Parasitic Meningitis
Several types of drugs are seen to effectively combat amoebic Naegleria fowleri in laboratory testing. But the effectiveness is still unclear, because almost all parasitic meningitis infections are fatal, even for patients who have received medical care.
5. Non-Infectious Meningitis
To cure non-infectious meningitis, doctors usually have to first determine the medical conditions that cause meningitis. Then just steps taken to cure the cause of non-infectious meningitis.