Treatment of Iron Deficiency Anemia For Adults
In the treatment of iron deficiency anemia, the underlying cause of iron deficiency anemia should be recognized. This is done to prevent the re-emergence of this condition. If anemia is not treated and becomes chronic, various complications may occur.
For people with iron deficiency anemia caused by lack of nutritional intake, you can see a specialist nutritionist. They can help in determining the menu of foods rich in iron intake.
1.Increase Iron Intake From Food Menu
Changes in diet, both types and amounts, are very important in the treatment of anemia. Although rice is included in our staple diet, we need to consume nutrients from other foods. We can reduce the rice dosage and add foods that are richer in iron such as spinach, beef, and chicken liver.
Pregnant women are advised to increase their iron intake. Babies in the womb need adequate blood and iron supply. The addition of iron can come from foods or iron supplements supplements. Ask your obstetrician about the doses and rules of taking supplements you can consume.
Foods rich in vitamin C also help the absorption of iron. Foods rich in vitamin C are broccoli, oranges, kiwi, tomatoes and red peppers.
Here’s a list of foods with a good source of iron:
- Chicken liver and beef heart.
- Nuts such as black beans, mung beans, red beans.
- Tofu and tempeh.
- Seafood or culinary marine such as oysters, shellfish and fish.
- Green vegetables such as spinach and broccoli.
- Lean red meat.
- Dried fruits such as raisins and apricots.
Look for food that has been fortified or equipped with iron. In a move to eradicate iron deficiency, the government has pushed the supply of rice and wheat whose iron content is higher.
2. Consume Iron Essence Supplements
The most commonly recommended iron supplement supplement is iron sulfate. This supplement is in tablet form and is usually taken two to three times a day.
For patients with heartburn, iron supplement supplements should be consumed two hours before or four hours after taking antacid drugs. This is because antacid drugs can inhibit the absorption of iron. If unable to consume by mouth, then the patient can enter iron supplements through infusion.
In some areas of Indonesia, iron supplementation supplements are provided by the government free of charge to pregnant women.
3. Red Blood Cell Transfusion (RBC)
Patients with severe symptoms of iron-deficiency anemia and threatened with the safety of their psyche should be treated immediately for red blood cell transfusion (RBC). Because, if handled with iron supplements the body adds more time to absorb iron. Red blood cell transfusion could save the lives of patients with severe iron deficiency anemia. Treatment with a new iron supplement will be done once the patient’s condition has stabilized.
4. Reduce Food and Drug Absorption Inhibitors
The habit of Indonesian people who likes to consume tea-based beverages also become one factor of the many cases of anemia in Indonesia. Tea contains substances that can inhibit the absorption of iron in the human body. Here is a list of other foods and drinks that can inhibit the absorption of iron:
- Foods with high calcium content such as milk and yogurt
- Basil leave
- Celery leaves
- Mint leaves
- Berries such as strawberries and blueberries
There are several drugs that can interfere with the absorption of iron by the body such as antacids and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) that treat heartburn and launch the digestive system.
5. Prevents Stomach Stomach Due to Non-steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDS)
Those who take NSAIDs regularly in the long term need to be aware of the side effects of peptic ulcers. Gastric ulcers appear when there is erosion or injury to the lining of the stomach wall. This injury can bleed slowly so that eventually the body lacks red blood cells and iron supplies. After some time, if the ulcer is left, anemia occurs. Therefore, those who take NSAIDs are advised to consume them along with food, reduce consumption of liquor and smoking, and take antacid drugs. All this aims to prevent the formation of peptic ulcers.
6. Treating Wormworm Infection
Anemia due to hookworm infection occurs because this parasitic worm consumes your blood. In addition to anemia, hookworms can also cause complications such as malanutrisi, thus inhibiting growth in children. In pregnant women, hookworms can result in premature birth and low birth weight.
Treatment of hookworms aims to eliminate existing infections, improve nutrition, and treat complications of anemia. The doctor will prescribe a worm drug that destroys the parasite, such as albendazole and mebendazole. Both drugs are used to treat worm infections. Treatment is usually given about one to three days. Patients with anemia will be given additional iron supplement recipe supplement.
7. Treat Thalassemia
Talasemia is a genetic or hereditary disease that causes the sufferer to experience hemoglobin deficiency and red blood cells. Indonesia is also included in groups of countries with high thalassemia.
Sufferers of thalassemia need to control blood levels and hemoglobin to prevent sustained anemia. The addition of supplements and medications will be advisable if there is anemia.