Treatment of ADHD in Adults
In treatment of ADHD, Although completely incurable, there are several types of medications and therapies for ADHD to choose from. Handling measures are done to relieve symptoms so that patients can enjoy a normal life and more quality. Combination of drugs and therapy is generally the best way to deal with ADHD.
However, there is no shortcut to handle ADHD. It takes a little time, emotion, and financial commitment to find the right combination of ADHD treatment methods that work for you or your child.
1. Treatment with Drugs
Although it can not cure, drugs can reduce the symptoms of ADHD. There are 5 types of drugs commonly used, namely methylphenidate, dexamfetamine, lisdexamfetamine atomoxetine, and guanfacine. By taking them, these drugs will make the patient become more calm and reduce the impulsive attitude so that patients can be more focused.
Methylphenidate, dexamfetamine, and lisdexamfetamine belong to the class of stimulant drugs. These drugs will trigger an increase in brain activity, especially in parts that control the ability of concentration and behavior.
Methylphenidate is generally given to adolescents and children over 6 years. If the patient does not fit this drug, the doctor will replace it with dexamfetamine recommended for children over 3 years.
If the stimulant drug is not suitable for the patient, for example for certain health reasons, doctors will usually give atomoxetine. These drugs include the selective noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor (SNRI). SNRI will increase levels of noradrenaline compounds in the brain that can help power concentration and control impulse. Atomoxetine can be prescribed for teens and children over 6 years old.
For teens and children who can not use the above drugs, guanfacine will be an alternative. This drug works to increase concentration while lowering blood pressure.
All drugs must have side effects, including medications for ADHD. A number of common side effects when using it are headache, no appetite, and indigestion. But users of atomoxetine should be more vigilant because the drug is also suspected to cause more serious side effects, namely trigger suicidal desires and liver damage.
Patients who have undergone treatment measures should see their doctor regularly until the symptoms of ADHD decrease significantly. After the condition improves too, patients are still encouraged to undergo periodic examination.
2. Treatment of Through Therapy
In addition to medication, ADHD treatment can be complemented with therapy. This method is also useful for dealing with other disorders that may accompany ADHD, such as depression. The types of therapy that can be an option include:
- Cognitive behavioral therapy or CBT (cognitive behavioral therapy). This therapy will help ADHD sufferers to change their mindset and behavior when faced with a particular problem or situation.
- Psychological therapy. ADHD sufferers will be invited to share stories in this therapy, such as their difficulty in overcoming ADHD symptoms and finding ways to treat symptoms.
- Social interaction training. This type of therapy can help ADHD sufferers to understand appropriate social behavior in certain situations.
People close to ADHD sufferers such as parents, relatives, and teachers also need knowledge and assistance in order to guide the sufferers. Here are some types of therapy and training that may be useful.
- Behavioral therapy. In this therapy, parents and caregivers of ADHD patients will be trained to develop strategies to help the sufferer in everyday behavior and overcome difficult situations. For example by applying a system of praise to encourage patients.
- Training and teaching programs for parents. In addition to helping parents to better understand the behavior of people with ADHD, this step can provide a picture of specific guidance needed by patients.
ADHD can not be cured, but the right diagnosis and treatment can help patients to adapt to their condition as well as daily life.